Five propositions of exploring world music
1. The basic property of all music is sound.
2. The sounds and silences that comprise a musical work are organized in some way
3. Sounds are organized into music by people thus music is a form of humanly organized sounds.
4. Music is product of human intention and perception
5. The term music is inescapably ties to western culture and its assumptions.
A sound whose principal identity is a musical identity as defined by people who make or experience that sound.
Four basic properties of a tone
Timbre (Tone color)
HIP- Human intention and perception approach.
privileges inclusiveness over exclusiveness and emphasized the idea that music is inseparable from the people who make and experience it.
Jon Cage 4'33"
Example of the dispute over what "is" music.
an interdisciplinary academic field that draws on musicology, anthropology and other disciplines in order to study the worlds music.
that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, law, morals, custom and any other capabilities and habits acquires by man as a member of society.
a grou p of persons regarded as forming a single community of related interdependent individuals
share a connection through certain ideas don't necessarily know each other.
Nation/ Nation State
Nation state share a national society and culture and a national homeland
refers to an international network of communities linked together by identification with a common ancestral homeland and culture.
living in a society for a long period of time to learn about the culture.
Planning out the design of a musical work prior to its performance.
The process through which music performer take an existing composition and in a sense make it their own through the experience of performing or listening to it.
composing in the moment of performance
craft of taking an existing musical work and transforming it into something new while still retaining its core musical identity.
a process of creative transformation whose most remarkable feature is the continuity it nurtures and sustains.
The musical manipulation of pitch as a simultaneity
Musical manipulation of pitch in a temporal line
manipulation of loudness
manipulation of timbre
how a piece of music is "built up"
The way a piece is laid out
Hornbustel Sach system of classification
by means of sound production and how sound is activated
Vibration of string, striking plucking bowing.
the string are parallel to the sound board
string dont extend beyond the sound board
string at right angle
parallel to sound board, beyond it to crossbar.
vibrating by column of air activated by blow hole, bussing
vibration of stretched membrane activated by striking, rubbing, blowing.
vibrating of the body of the instrument itself
pure or amplified
single melodic line regardless of scoring, no harmonic accompaniment
two or more different versions of the same melody simultaneously. Thick unison
a single melodic line plus harmonic accompaniment (not just rhythmic)
two or more independent melodic line preformed simultaneously. Direction of melodies different and time of motion different
musical manipulation of duration
The division of time in a piece of music into regular pulses.
The pattern of beats by which the timespan of a piece of music is measured. re-accuring pattern of strong and weak beats.
contradiction of meter
Indonesian gamelan music
2 types of pentatonic scale slendro and pelog
Octave divided into 24 pitches
octave divided into 22 pitch