Common Practice Period
(1600-1900) the basis for our traditional system of notating music and defining its elements, basis of the study of music fundamentals.
the number of cycles per second (or Hertz, abbreviated Hz)
A steady, single frequency
How sounds are arranged in time and the proportional relationships between them.
acoustic wave shape that forms the "color" of pitch.
specify how loud or soft a sound is in musical notation, and based on italian terms.
very very soft
very very loud
any rhythm that involves dividing the beat into a different number of equal subdivisions from that usually permitted by the time-signature (e.g., triplets, duplets, etc.)
three notes performed in the space of two
5 notes into the time of 4
6 notes in the time 5
7 notes in the time of 6
grouping of two notes
grouping of three notes
involves dividing a larger period of time into smaller rhythmic units
first beat of each measure
last beat of each measure
each beat divides into simple groupings
Time signature in simple grouping top number means?
indicates the number of beats per measure
Time signature in simple grouping bottom number means?
indicates the beat note type
The top number time signature in compound grouping means?
divided beats per measure
The bottom number time signature in compound grouping means?
divided beat note type
indicates that the pulse stops and all parts must wait
Unequal length of the beats for example 5/8
eight notes, starting on a c and going up eight notes to the next c. Doubles the frequency of a certain pitch
relationship between pitches that "overlap" and occur on the same piano key
diatonic half step
each of the notes have a different letter name
chromatic hale step
half step where both notes use the same letter name but different accidentals
one octave above notated pitches
two octaves above notated pitches
one octave below notated pitches
two octaves below notates pitches
used to extend both above and below each staff