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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Luteinizing hormone
  2. Dihydrotestosterone
  3. Atrial Natriuretic Peptide
  4. Parathyroid Hormone
  5. Adiponectin
  1. a A peptide hormone secreted by cardiac atrial cells in response to atrial distension (increased blood flow); causes increased renal sodium excretion and as such lowers blood pressure (antagonizing aldosterone).
  2. b Increases blood levels of calcium (stimulates breakdown of bone and rate at which calcium is removed from urine and absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract)
  3. c appears to increase insulin effects (sensitivity); anti-inflammatory and anti-arthrogenic
  4. d strongest androgen; principally responsible for masculinization in sexual differentiation
  5. e WOMEN: regulates estrogen secretion and ovum development; MEN: testosterone production

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. neurotransmitter found in several brain areas, most notably the hypothalamus, that stimulates eating behavior and reduces metabolism, promoting positive energy balance and weight gain
  2. promotes the utilization of fat by the body and is a precursor to the endorphins
  3. affects size of an individual by promoting cell division, protein synthesis, and bone growth
  4. plays a critical role in preventing abnormal consciousness transitions, particularly into REM sleep; may stimulate hunger
  5. The antagonist of insulin. Its release is stimulated by low blood glucose levels. It stimulates the liver, its primary target organ, to break down its glycogen stores to glucose and subsequently to release glucose to the blood.

5 True/False questions

  1. Insulinantagonist to activin: inhibits FSH synthesis and inhibits FSH secretion


  2. Prolactin Releasing Hormonesignals the pituitary gland to release TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone)


  3. Hepcidininhibits iron uptake, prevent release of iron


  4. Gonadotropin Releasing Hormonethis hormone stimulates the anterior pituitary to secrete FSH and LH


  5. LeukotrienesThe male sex hormone produced by the testes which promotes the maturation of the reproductive system, development of the male secondary sex characteristics, and is responsible for sexual drive (libido)


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