Chap. 5 Study Guide

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Chapter 5 Study Guide--Cody Edwards

bi-cameral legislature

a lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts

constituent

an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up

franking privilege

The franking privilege is a well known benefit that aloows them to mail letters and other materials postage free by substituting their facsimile signature for the postage

immunity

an act exempting someone

censure

harsh criticism or disapproval

majority rule

the doctrine that the numerical majority of an organized group can make decisions binding on the whole group

minority rule

Government by a group of people who are different, politically or racially from the majority of the population

speaker of the house

the presiding officer of the House of Representatives- Nancy Pelosi

president pro-tempore

honorary position in the senate to senior member of the majority party when vp is gone

standing committee

a permanent committee

sub-committee

Division of existing committee that is formed to address specific issues

select committee

A temporary legislative committee established for a limited time period and for a special purpose.

joint committee

legislative committee composed of members of both houses

conference committee

committee appointed by the presiding officers of each chamber to adjust differences on a particular bill passed by each in different form.

seniority system

the accumulation of power and authority in conjunction with the length of time spent in office

expressed powers

powers directly stated in the constitution

implied powers

powers that congress has that are not stated explicitly in the constitution

impeach

legal process to formally charge the president with misconduct in office

appropriations

funds reserved for a specific use

pigeonhole

to set a bill aside by a committee without considering it

filibuster

a tactic for delaying or obstructing legislation by making long speeches

cloture

a rule for limiting or ending debate in a deliberative body

pocket veto

indirect veto of legislation by refusing to sign it

what are the qualifications and terms of office for the members of the u.s. house of rep?

Be 25 years old, have been a citizen for 7 years, be a legal resident of the state you are representing

what are the qualifications and terms of office for members of the u.s. senate?

30 years old, been a citizen for 9 years, a legal resident of the states you are representing.

list five benefits and privileges that members of congress receive

yearly salary, receive free trips back and from their home state,the righ to mail official letters, and immunity

list and describe 3 types of congressional sessions

regular- house and senate are in normal operation, closed only legislatures discuss more operation joint-both houses are present.

what is the purpose of the committees in congress

to make laws

list examples of both expressed and implied powers of congress

Implied powers of congress are the powers that the legislative branch has that are not specifically listed in the Constitution. Implied powers come from and depend upon the expressed powers of the government. For example, the power to draft people into the military is implied by the power of congress to raise an army and navy. The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States; but all duties, imposts and excises shall be uniform throughout the United States

list the 3 basic limits to the powers of congress

taxing exports, favoring trade of state, granting title os nobility

committee

a self-constituted organization to promote something

full house/senate

placed on the house calendar

confrence committee

made out of an equal number of senators

president

the office of the United States head of state

presidental veto

when the president denies a bill from becoming a law

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