voter apathy

seen often among youth who feel their votes will not make a difference

national convention

The meeting of party delegates every four years to choose a presidential ticket and write the party's platform.

third party

a political party organized in opposition to the major parties in a two-party system

primary election

Election in which voters choose the candidates from each party who will run in the general election

open primary

Primary election in which any voter, regardless of party, may vote.

closed primary

Primary election in which only persons registered in the party holding the primary may vote.

platform

a series of statements expressing the party's principles, beliefs, and positions on election issues

political party

organized group of people who want to control or influence govt. by winning elections, holding public office, and having laws and policies reflect their political beliefs.

caucus

a private meeting of party leaders to choose candidates for office

poll

a survey taken to measure public opinion

just plain folks

identifying the candidate as "just one of the common people"

bandwagon

propaganda technique that tries to persuade the person to do, think, or buy something because it is popular or everyong is doing it

watchdog

The function of the party "out of power" to keep an eye on the other party and govt.

canvassing

going through neighborhoods asking for votes or taking public opinion

name calling

a method of propaganda that is an attempt to turn people against and opponent or an idea by using unpleasant labels or descriptions for that person or idea

Electoral College

The system used in electing the president and vice president, in which voters vote for electors pledged to cast their ballots for a particular party's candidates.

PAC

Political Action Committees; an organization formed to collect money and provide financial support for political candidates

lobbyist

representative of an interest group or corporation who contacts lawmakers or other government officials directly to influence their policy making

absentee ballot

Allows a person to vote without going to the polls on election day.

electorate

All persons having the right to vote.

winner take all

System in which the candidate with the majority of the popular vote in a state gets all the electoral votes

candidate

a person running for office

campaign finance reform

Legislation aimed at placing limits on political candidates accepting money and gifts from individuals and special interest groups

House of Representatives

Group that decides who will be president if no candidate has a majority of the electoral votes

popular vote

the total vote cast across the nation for a candidate

electoral vote

the official vote for the president of the US

Iowa

state with the first presidential caucus every four years; has great influence

New Hampshire

site of the first presidential primary every four years; has great influence

nominate

to select candidates to run for public office

plank

each individual part of a political party's platform

delegates

people who are chosen by a political party to go to the convention to nominate the candidates

spoiler

Role played by minor party in which votes are pulled away from major party candidate

bipartisan

two major parties find common ground and work together

precinct

voting district

glittering generalities

propaganda technique that uses statements that sound good but are meaningless

transfer

uses symbols, quotes, or images of a famous person to sell a product (or politician)

literacy test

a method used to prevent African Americans from voting by requiring prospective voters to read and write at a specified level

poll tax

A fee to vote; abolished by the 24th amendment

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