Food Nutrition 62

39 terms by jamoyer25

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6 classes of Nutrients:

Carbs, Fats, Proteins, Vitamins, Minerals, Water

Carbs have how many Kcal per gram?

4

Fats have how many Kcal per gram?

9

Proteins have how many Kcal per gram?

4

Organic minerals include:

Calcium, Sodium, and Zinc

Monosaccharides are:

single sugar

Glucose, Fructose, and Galactose are:

monosaccharides

Disaccharides are:

double sugars

Sucrose, Lactose, and Maltose are:

dissacharides

Sucrose is made up of:

glucose and fructose

Lactose is made up of:

glucose and galactose

Maltose is made up of:

glucose and glucose

Soluble substances hold onto ? and sit in ?

toxins, colon

Insoluble substances are resistant to ? do not sit in ? and aid in ?

water, colon, elimination

Most fibers are ?

polysaccharides

Resistant starches are classified as:

Fibers

Type I diabetes usually occurs in:

childhood/ adolescents

Treatment for Type I diabetes is:

Insulin therapy

Treatment for Type 2 diabetes is:

Diet, exercise, insulin, oral meds

Basil insulin is:

Continuous acting insulin at rest

Bolus insulin is:

Rapid succession insulin while person is eating

The best treatment for hypoglycemia is:

Glucose tablets

Glucagon is a hormone from the ? and secretes ? for cells

liver, insulin

? of women develop diabetes during pregnancy

7%

Women with type 2 diabetes during pregnancy often deliver ? and have ?

large babies, c-sections

Fats are lipids that are ? at room temperature

solid

Oils are lipids that are ? at room temperature

liquid

Triglycerides are composed of ? fatty acids attached to a glycerol "?"

3, glycerol

The two essential fatty acids are ? and ?

Linoleic, Linolenic

How many essential amino acids are there?

9

Excessive urine is called?

Polyuria

What is gestational diabetes?

Diabetes in which women experience during pregnancy who don't previously have it.

Can obesity cause insulin resistance?

True

What is the main function of CHO in the body?

The main function of carbohydrates is to provide the body with food and energy.

How many calories are in 100 grams of CHO?

400gm

What is a polysaccharide?

A carbohydrate whose molecules consist of a number of sugar molecules bonded together.

Glucose stored in the body is called?

Glycogen

What are disaccharides?

Any of a class of sugars whose molecules contain two monosaccharide residues.

What hormone helps move glucose from the blood into the cells called?

Insulin

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