Food for Thought
|anyway||without an "s" at the end|
|a lot||NEVER one word|
|FANBOYS||for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so|
|Types of Story Leads||Dialogue, Action, Description, Thinking|
|First Person||I'm a talented singer.|
|Second Person||You are a talented singer.|
|Third Person-Limited||Avery knew that she was a talented singer.|
|Third Person-Omniscient||Avery thought that she was a talented singer, and Lucas envied her because of it!|
|Declarative Sentence||The ceiling fan was made of mahogany.|
|Exclamatory Sentence||I just won two concert tickets!|
|Interrogative Sentence||Will you go to the dance with me?|
|Imperative Sentence||Take this suit to the dry cleaner's.|
|Prepositional Phrase||The cow jumped (over the moon).|
|Character v. Character||Peter Pan fights Captain Hook on a ship.|
|Character v. Nature||Farmer Brown and his family are forced to move to another state because a drought killed all of their crops.|
|Character v. Society||A young boy tries to overcome discrimination in his southern community in the 1960s.|
|Alliteration||Same SOUNDS: Frank found five phones.|
|Hyperbole||A gross exaggeration... "I've told you once...I've told you a thousand times!"|
|Personification|| When human traits are given to something non-human|
The moonlight danced in the shadows.
|Character v. Self||A prince struggles to decide whether he should marry his lifelong friend or a famous queen.|
|Plot Stages||Exposition, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action, Resolution|
|Mollify|| To soothe, to put at ease|
(Classical music mollifies me whenever I'm sitting in traffic.)
|Titanic||Sank in 1912|
|...|| Ellipsis: Singular|
|(Hinton 6)||(LAST NAME then PAGE) = citing a book|
|IMPlicit||IMPlied ("Could you close the window?" to mean "It's chilly.")|
|Explicit||Directly said (So...just flat out saying, "It's chilly!")|
|Topic||A subject or idea in a word (Example: Love)|
|Theme||A developed, recurring (repeated) topic (Example: Love is unavoidable.)|
|Comma Splice|| Example:|
Schools are great, teachers are friendly.
|Run-On Sentence|| Example:|
Schools are great teachers are friendly so are seniors.
|Subjective Sally would say...||"Texas has A LOT of people."|
|Objective Oscar would say...||"Texas has about 25 million people."|
|Robert Fulton||Invented the steamboat|
|Alexandar Graham Bell||Invented the telephone|
|Perfect Ed|| Present Perfect = |
Have/Has + verb(ed)*
Ms. O'Brien HAS purchasED a flower pot.
|Present Progressive|| AM/IS/ARE + verb(ing)|
Ms. O'Brien IS typING an essay.
|Rhetorical Question||Do you know what it means not to answer a question?|
|Pathos|| Emotion |
(Remember...Pathos = Passion = Emotion)
|Maître D'||Hand him your coat in a restaurant!|
|Appositives|| Rename nouns and are found between commas|
My dog, a golden retriever, is loyal.
|Implicit|| IMPlicit = IMPlied, indirect, hinted at|
"Could you close the window?" to mean "It's cold in this room."
|Explicit|| Explicit = directly said, just plain said aloud|
"It's cold in this room."
|Skeleton Sentence|| Subject, Verb|
1. The cat ate a small mouse.
2. The cyclist biked across Utah.
Skeleton Sentences :
1. Cate ate
2. Cyclist biked
|The Understood You|| The subject of imperative sentences|
(You) Finish your homework.
|VP Debate||Paul Ryan, Joe Biden|
|-ology||Suffix: the study of|
|Order of college degrees||Associate's, Bachelor's, Master's, Doctorate|
|Former, latter|| First, then the other option|
"Do you want to go the football game or the choir concert?"
"The latter!" (meaning to choir concert)
|ProfeSSor||Spelled with TWO S's (think double the money...$$...two S's)|
|Passive Voice||The fire was put out by the firemen.|
|Active Voice||The firemen put out the fire.|
|Female Symbol||Nurse sign...female...|
|Mischievous||Pronounced miss-chi-vuss (NOT miss-chee-vee-uss)|
|Et al.|| "and others"|
So...if three authors co-write an article you'd cite their article like this:
The research study proves that will-power is indeed "measurable on multiple levels" (Brown et al 7).
|Purple Prose||An overly wordy way of saying something!|
|Surrealism||An art movement that featured irrational/illogical objects (i.e. melting clocks)|
|C.I.A.|| Connotation is association|
Coffee, wooden chairs, and the feeling of relaxation are connotations that come to mind when I think of my grandmother's house.
|Denotation|| Dictionary Definition|
The denotation for love would be....
the feeling of closeness between two people. (However, things like chocolate, cupids, and flowers are connotations of love.)
|Left-handed compliment|| It's half compliment, half insult...|
"You run fast...for a girl!"
"You look beautiful - today!"
|Pariah||A social outcast. An outlier.|
|Conform||To follow...to go along with|
|Kleptomaniac||Someone who chronically steals!|
|Anecdote|| A short, amusing story|
(Example: Mrs. Schauff's quick tale about her friend and first-world problems)
|Salvador Dalí||Crazy moustaches. The Persistance of Memory. Surrealist Spanish painter.|
|Anaphora|| Repeated words at the beginning of consecutive phrases. |
Example: "I needed a drink, I needed a lot of life insurance, I needed a vacation, I needed a home in the country." -Raymond Chandler, Farewell, My Lovely, 1940
|Primary Colors||Red, Blue, Yellow|
|Secondary Colors||Green, Orange, Violet|
|To conform||to follow what everyone is doing|
|Miranda rights||"You have the right to remain silent, and anything you say can be used against you."|
|Pleading the 5th||Choosing not to say anything|
|Using brackets when quoting a text...|| CORRECT: Pony went to bed early because "[he] had not slept in two days" (Hinton 5).|
INCORRECT: Pony went to bed early because "I had not slept in two days" (Hinton 5).
|1963||Martin Luther King, Jr. assassinated|
|AM and PM||Ante Meridian and Post Meridian|
|Ms. O'Brien||REALLY enjoys teaching at Arbor Creek because her students are so golden hearted!|
|To be or not to be, that is the question||Hamlet|
|Shakespeare's 3 play types||Histories, tragedies, comedies|
|Tragedies||The major characters die in the end|
|Antony & Cleopatra||Don't shoot the messenger|
|Misplaced Modifier|| I keep a binder of parents I have met in my bookshelf. (Wrong)|
In my bookshelf, I keep a binder of parents I have met. (Right)
|Dangling Modifier|| When only a toddler, my mom took me to the zoo. (Wrong)|
My mom took me to the zoo when I was a toddler. (Right)
|P.I.E.||Pieces are written to persuade, inform, or entertain|
|P.A.M.||To analyze writing, think of its purpose, audience, and message|
(Accentuate the positive. Eliminate the negative.)
|Interview Attire|| Ladies: Closed-toed shoes, conservative colors, hair tied back|
Guys: Tie, pressed pants, polished shoes
|Don't forget to say...||"Put mine in the good stack!" (resume reference)|
|After an interview....|| Only stand once your interviewer has stood up and has shaken your hand.|
Make sure to send your interviewer a follow-up thank you email.
|Point of concession||A remark that acknowledges an opposing point|
|Alum vs. Alumni|| Alum = singular|
Alumni = plural
|(Homecoming) Mum||short for chrysanthemum|
|Ruby Bridges||The first black girl to attend an all-white school in the South|
|Squirrel|| 2 front teeth.... 2 r's|
1 long tail .... 1 L
|Loose vs. Lose||XXL hoodie is big/lOOse|
|A gallon of milk!|| 8 fluid ounces = 1 cup|
1 pint = 2 cups
1 quart = 2 pints
1 gallon = 4 quarts
|Business Casual: Females|
|Business Casual: Males|
|Andy Warhol|| "In the future, everyone will be world-famous for 15 minutes."|
Campbell's soup cans painting
|Palindrome|| Race car|
(same forwards and backwards)
|Wise words||Accentuate the positive; eliminate the negative.|
|Romantic Languages (S.I.F.)|| Spanish, Italian, and French|
They are romantic because of their Latin origins.
|Schwa (pronounced SHWAH)|| ə|
The "uh" sound...like in umbrella, amazing, or utter
|Never forget...||Don't just survive...thrive!|
|You haven't failed....||You just haven't succeeded yet!|
|Ominous||means threatening and sinister|
|Adjectives|| Describing words.|
They modify NOUNS and PRONOUNS.
|Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR)|| |
Started the New Deal (Relief, Recover, and Reform) to help lift Americans out of the Great Depression. Had polio. Almost always photographed from the waist up to cover up his illness.
|The Dust Bowl|| |
In the Great Plains.
Caused by drought and eroded soil.
New Mexico, Colorado, Kansas, Texas, and Oklahoma.
|Dorothea Lange's famous photo, Migrant Mother|
|Mt. Rushmore (WJTA)|| |
In South Dakota.
George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln.
|Andy Warhol|| |
"fifteen minutes of fame"
Campbell's soup cans
Marilyn Monroe piece
|Theodore Roosevelt||26th American President. In office during the building of the Panama Canal.|
|Past Perfect|| HAD + (-ed)verb*|
He HAD closED the door.
|Pandora's Box||Curiosity killed the cat...|
|Narcissism||Having an inflated image of yourself...it's always about you and never anyone else...having too much self-esteem!|
|Homophone|| Too, to, two|
Their, there, they're
(same sound, different spelling)
|Murphy's Law||If anything can go wrong, it WILL go wrong!|
|Gerunds|| end in -ING...they are NOUNS|
ReadING is fun.
Playing hockey is challenging.
|If you are reading this right now...||way to go for studying!|
|Heirloom||A valuable family treasure that is handed down from generation to generation|
|Elixir||A (supposedly) magical or medicinal potion ... a "cure-all" drink|
|Palindromes||Are spelled the same forwards and backwards (like taco cat, race car)|
|Achilles' Heel||A weakness|
|Armageddon||The final battle/struggle|
|Carrying coals to Newcastle||Needlessly bringing something|
|Crocodile tears||Pretend tears|
|Cross the Rubicon||To make a big, permanent decision|
|Catch-22||A decision that leaves you feeling crushed no matter what you choose!|
|To cry wolf||To keep giving "false alarms"|
|Hobson's choice||An all-or-nothing decision|
|Pyrrhic victory||A victory made with some loss|
|Parkinson's Law||It will take you however long you THINK the task will take you.|
|Ephemeral (adj.)||Temporary (remember Little Frog who was Big Frog...but only ephemerally?)|
|Halcyon (adj.)||The good ol' days...the carefree days|
|Posthumous||occurring AFTER one's death (Americans appreciated the poet's writing AFTER the poet had died, so the poet gained POSTHUMOUS success.)|
|Present participle|| an -ING adjective before a noun|
Example: The singING girls are blonde.
Example: The runnING buys are fast!
|The Great Lakes||HOMES: Lake Huron, Lake Ontario, Lake Michigan, Lake Erie, and Lake Superior|
|Mollycoddle||To treat in an overly protective manner|
|Sagacious||Showing good judgment; clever; wise|
|Learn to spell...||NickEL and pickLE|
|Textual parallels are....||similarities between written works|
|William Tell Overture||The opera: To get out of being executed by the ruler of Austria, William Tell had to shoot an apple on top of his sons head. He succeeded!|
|Rossini||Write the William Tell Overture|
|Australia||Know how to spell it!|
|Apex|| means "the highest point"|
(The APEX of his career was being promoted to CEO.)