without an "s" at the end
NEVER one word
for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
Types of Story Leads
Dialogue, Action, Description, Thinking
I'm a talented singer.
You are a talented singer.
Avery knew that she was a talented singer.
Avery thought that she was a talented singer, and Lucas envied her because of it!
The ceiling fan was made of mahogany.
I just won two concert tickets!
Will you go to the dance with me?
Take this suit to the dry cleaner's.
The cow jumped (over the moon).
Character v. Character
Peter Pan fights Captain Hook on a ship.
Character v. Nature
Farmer Brown and his family are forced to move to another state because a drought killed all of their crops.
Character v. Society
A young boy tries to overcome discrimination in his southern community in the 1960s.
Same SOUNDS: Frank found five phones.
A gross exaggeration... "I've told you once...I've told you a thousand times!"
When human traits are given to something non-human
The moonlight danced in the shadows.
Character v. Self
A prince struggles to decide whether he should marry his lifelong friend or a famous queen.
Exposition, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action, Resolution
To soothe, to put at ease
(Classical music mollifies me whenever I'm sitting in traffic.)
Sank in 1912
(LAST NAME then PAGE) = citing a book
IMPlied ("Could you close the window?" to mean "It's chilly.")
Directly said (So...just flat out saying, "It's chilly!")
A subject or idea in a word (Example: Love)
A developed, recurring (repeated) topic (Example: Love is unavoidable.)
Schools are great, teachers are friendly.
Schools are great teachers are friendly so are seniors.
Subjective Sally would say...
"Texas has A LOT of people."
Objective Oscar would say...
"Texas has about 25 million people."
Invented the steamboat
Alexandar Graham Bell
Invented the telephone
Present Perfect =
Have/Has + verb(ed)*
Ms. O'Brien HAS purchasED a flower pot.
AM/IS/ARE + verb(ing)
Ms. O'Brien IS typING an essay.
Do you know what it means not to answer a question?
(Remember...Pathos = Passion = Emotion)
Hand him your coat in a restaurant!
Rename nouns and are found between commas
My dog, a golden retriever, is loyal.
IMPlicit = IMPlied, indirect, hinted at
"Could you close the window?" to mean "It's cold in this room."
Explicit = directly said, just plain said aloud
"It's cold in this room."
1. The cat ate a small mouse.
2. The cyclist biked across Utah.
Skeleton Sentences :
1. Cate ate
2. Cyclist biked
The Understood You
The subject of imperative sentences
(You) Finish your homework.
Paul Ryan, Joe Biden
Suffix: the study of
Order of college degrees
Associate's, Bachelor's, Master's, Doctorate
First, then the other option
"Do you want to go the football game or the choir concert?"
"The latter!" (meaning to choir concert)
Spelled with TWO S's (think double the money...$$...two S's)
The fire was put out by the firemen.
The firemen put out the fire.
Pronounced miss-chi-vuss (NOT miss-chee-vee-uss)
So...if three authors co-write an article you'd cite their article like this:
The research study proves that will-power is indeed "measurable on multiple levels" (Brown et al 7).
An overly wordy way of saying something!
An art movement that featured irrational/illogical objects (i.e. melting clocks)
Connotation is association
Coffee, wooden chairs, and the feeling of relaxation are connotations that come to mind when I think of my grandmother's house.
The denotation for love would be....
the feeling of closeness between two people. (However, things like chocolate, cupids, and flowers are connotations of love.)
It's half compliment, half insult...
"You run fast...for a girl!"
"You look beautiful - today!"
A social outcast. An outlier.
To follow...to go along with
Someone who chronically steals!
A short, amusing story
(Example: Mrs. Schauff's quick tale about her friend and first-world problems)
Crazy moustaches. The Persistance of Memory. Surrealist Spanish painter.
Repeated words at the beginning of consecutive phrases.
Example: "I needed a drink, I needed a lot of life insurance, I needed a vacation, I needed a home in the country." -Raymond Chandler, Farewell, My Lovely, 1940
Red, Blue, Yellow
Green, Orange, Violet
to follow what everyone is doing
"You have the right to remain silent, and anything you say can be used against you."
Pleading the 5th
Choosing not to say anything
Using brackets when quoting a text...
CORRECT: Pony went to bed early because "[he] had not slept in two days" (Hinton 5).
INCORRECT: Pony went to bed early because "I had not slept in two days" (Hinton 5).
Martin Luther King, Jr. assassinated
AM and PM
Ante Meridian and Post Meridian
REALLY enjoys teaching at Arbor Creek because her students are so golden hearted!
To be or not to be, that is the question
Shakespeare's 3 play types
Histories, tragedies, comedies
The major characters die in the end
Antony & Cleopatra
Don't shoot the messenger
I keep a binder of parents I have met in my bookshelf. (Wrong)
In my bookshelf, I keep a binder of parents I have met. (Right)
When only a toddler, my mom took me to the zoo. (Wrong)
My mom took me to the zoo when I was a toddler. (Right)
Pieces are written to persuade, inform, or entertain
To analyze writing, think of its purpose, audience, and message
(Accentuate the positive. Eliminate the negative.)
Ladies: Closed-toed shoes, conservative colors, hair tied back
Guys: Tie, pressed pants, polished shoes
Don't forget to say...
"Put mine in the good stack!" (resume reference)
After an interview....
Only stand once your interviewer has stood up and has shaken your hand.
Make sure to send your interviewer a follow-up thank you email.
Point of concession
A remark that acknowledges an opposing point
Alum vs. Alumni
Alum = singular
Alumni = plural
short for chrysanthemum
The first black girl to attend an all-white school in the South
2 front teeth.... 2 r's
1 long tail .... 1 L
Loose vs. Lose
XXL hoodie is big/lOOse
A gallon of milk!
8 fluid ounces = 1 cup
1 pint = 2 cups
1 quart = 2 pints
1 gallon = 4 quarts
Business Casual: Females
Business Casual: Males
"In the future, everyone will be world-famous for 15 minutes."
Campbell's soup cans painting
(same forwards and backwards)
Accentuate the positive; eliminate the negative.
Romantic Languages (S.I.F.)
Spanish, Italian, and French
They are romantic because of their Latin origins.
Schwa (pronounced SHWAH)
The "uh" sound...like in umbrella, amazing, or utter
Don't just survive...thrive!
You haven't failed....
You just haven't succeeded yet!
means threatening and sinister
They modify NOUNS and PRONOUNS.
Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR)
Started the New Deal (Relief, Recover, and Reform) to help lift Americans out of the Great Depression. Had polio. Almost always photographed from the waist up to cover up his illness.
The Dust Bowl
In the Great Plains.
Caused by drought and eroded soil.
New Mexico, Colorado, Kansas, Texas, and Oklahoma.
Dorothea Lange's famous photo, Migrant Mother
Mt. Rushmore (WJTA)
In South Dakota.
George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt, and Abraham Lincoln.
"fifteen minutes of fame"
Campbell's soup cans
Marilyn Monroe piece
26th American President. In office during the building of the Panama Canal.
HAD + (-ed)verb*
He HAD closED the door.
Curiosity killed the cat...
Having an inflated image of yourself...it's always about you and never anyone else...having too much self-esteem!
Too, to, two
Their, there, they're
(same sound, different spelling)
If anything can go wrong, it WILL go wrong!
end in -ING...they are NOUNS
ReadING is fun.
Playing hockey is challenging.
If you are reading this right now...
way to go for studying!
A valuable family treasure that is handed down from generation to generation
A (supposedly) magical or medicinal potion ... a "cure-all" drink
Are spelled the same forwards and backwards (like taco cat, race car)
The final battle/struggle
Carrying coals to Newcastle
Needlessly bringing something
Cross the Rubicon
To make a big, permanent decision
A decision that leaves you feeling crushed no matter what you choose!
To cry wolf
To keep giving "false alarms"
An all-or-nothing decision
A victory made with some loss
It will take you however long you THINK the task will take you.
Temporary (remember Little Frog who was Big Frog...but only ephemerally?)
The good ol' days...the carefree days
occurring AFTER one's death (Americans appreciated the poet's writing AFTER the poet had died, so the poet gained POSTHUMOUS success.)
an -ING adjective before a noun
Example: The singING girls are blonde.
Example: The runnING buys are fast!
The Great Lakes
HOMES: Lake Huron, Lake Ontario, Lake Michigan, Lake Erie, and Lake Superior
To treat in an overly protective manner
Showing good judgment; clever; wise
Learn to spell...
NickEL and pickLE
Textual parallels are....
similarities between written works
William Tell Overture
The opera: To get out of being executed by the ruler of Austria, William Tell had to shoot an apple on top of his sons head. He succeeded!
Write the William Tell Overture
Know how to spell it!
means "the highest point"
(The APEX of his career was being promoted to CEO.)