the view that knowledge originates in experience and that science should, therefore, rely on observation and experimentation.
early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the structural elements of the human mind.
school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes function - how they enable us to adapt, survive, and flourish.
the study of behavior and thinking using the experimental method.
historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individuals potential for personal growth.
this study of brain activity linked with mental activity.
the science of behavior and mental processes.
nature - nurture issue
the controversy over the relative contributions of biology and experience.
From among chance variations, nature selects the traits that best enable in organism to survive and reproduce in a particular environment.
levels of analysis
the differing complimentary views, form biological to psychological to social-cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon.
an integrated approach that incorporates biological, physiological, and social - cultural levels of analysis.
a branch of psychology that studies the links between biological (including neuroscience and behavior genetics) and psychological processes.
the study of the roots of behavior and mental processes using the principles of natural selection.
a branch of psychology that studies how unconsciousness drives and conflicts influence behavior, and uses that information to treat people with psychological disorders.
the scientific study of observable behavior, and it's explanation by principles of learning.
the scientific study of all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
social - cultural psychology
the study of how situations and cultures affect our behavior and thinking.
the scientific study of the measurement of human abilities, attitudes, and traits.
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base.
the scientific study of physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the lifespan.
the study of how psychological processes affect and can enhance teaching and learning.
the study of an individual characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling, and acting.
the scientific study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another.
Scientific study that aims to solve practical problems.
industrial organizational psychology
the application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces.
human factors psychology
the study of how people and machines interact and the design of safe and easily used machines and environments.
a branch of psychology that assists people with problems in living (often related to school, work, or marriage) and achieving greater well - being.
a branch of psychology that studies, processes, and treats people with psychological disorders.
a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who often provide medical (for example, drug) treatment as well as psychological therapy.
says that our brains are the most complex physical object we know.
Socrates and Plato
concluded that mind is separable from body and continues after the body dies, and that knowledge is innate.
derived principles form careful observations, he loved data. He disagreed with Plato and said that experiences are stored in our memories and knowledge is not innate.
he used animals and said that the fluid in the brain was animals spirits. He said that signals flow from the brain to the nerves, all to control the muscles.
he was the founder of modern science. He said the mind perceives patterns even in random events.
he said that the mind is a blank slate when a human is born. He helped form modern empiricism.
he measured the atoms of the mind. He conducted an experiment of perceiving sound and the awareness of hearing the sound.
he was the student of Wundt. In 1892 he introduced structuralism.
thought it was more fruitful to consider the involved functions of our thoughts and feelings. He believed in Charles Darwin's theory of adaptation. He was a functionalist. He wrote the principles of psychology and educated the public to psychology.