Phonology: IPA Chart - Intro to English Linguistics

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vowels, consonants, dipthongs

/p/

pat, lap

Bilabial Stop

/b/

bat, lab

Bilabial Stop

/t/

tap, cot

Alveolar Stop

/d/

dam, cod

Alveolar Stop

/k/

kong, car

Velar Stop

/g/

gong, dog

Velar Stop

/f/

fan, cliff

Labiodental Fricative

/v/

van, swivet

Labiodental Fricative

/θ/

(th)igh, pa(th)

Interdental Fricative

/ð/

(th)y, (th)e

Interdental Fricative

/s/

sap, cats

Alveolar Fricative

/z/

zap, jazz

Alveolar Fricative

/ʃ/ (/š/)

(sh)ine, po(sh)

Palatal Fricative

/ʒ/ (/ž/)

mea(s)ure, trea(s)ure

(Alveo-) Palatal Fricative

/h/

happy, hill

Glottal Fricative

/tʃ/ (/ĉ/)

(ch)ill, tou(ch)

(aleveo-) Palatal Affricate

/dʒ/ (/ĵ/)

jill, ju(dg)e

(Aleveo-) Palatal Affricate

/m/

mull, skim

Bilabial Nasal (voiced)

/n/

ri(ng), rank

Alveolar Nasal (voiced)

/l/

lava, hill

Alveolar (lateral) Liquid (voiced)

/r/

ring, mar

Alveolar (bunched) Liquid (voiced)

/w/

will, tower

Bilabial Glide

/j/

yes, yard

(Alveo-) Palatal Glide

/i/

beat, eaten

High Front

/I/

bit, innocent

High Front

/e/

bait, ate

Mid Front

/ɛ/

b(e)t, (e)nd

Mid Front

/æ/

b(a)t, (a)sh

Low Front

/ə/

(a)bout, ph(o)netic
(unstressed)
Mid Central

/ʌ/

w(a)s, t(u)b, b(u)t
(stressed syllable)
Mid Central

/u/

boot, reduce

High Back

/ʊ/

g(oo)d, s(oo)t

High Back

/o/

boat, open

Mid Back

/ɔ/

b(ou)ght, c(o)ffee

Mid Back

/∂/

c(o)t, b(o)ther

Low Back

/∂I/

b(u)y

/∂ʊ/

b(ou)gh, r(aw)

/ɔI/

b(oy)

/i/, /I/

Front High

/e/, /ɛ/

Mid Front

/æ/

Low Front

/ɘ/, /ʌ/

Mid Central

/u/, /ʊ/

High Back

/o/, /ɔ/

Mid Back

/∂/

c(o)t, b(o)ther Low Back

Allomorphs

Any variant of a morpheme. (plurals: -s, -es, -en, etc.) Zero plurals too. (deer, sheep, fish).

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