Phonology: English Consonants - Intro to English Linguistics

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Place of Articulation

Location of the passive and active articulators.

Manner of Articulation

How close the articulators get and how that affects airflow.

Voicing

Whether vocal cords are pulled back (voiceless or unvoiced) or vibrate (voiced) when a consonant sound is produced.

Stops

completely obstruct airflow. /b/, /p/

Fricatives

passive and active articulators are brought very close together and create friction as air passes through the mouth. /f/

Affricates

Combine a stop and a fricative. (chatter)

Nasals

Flow of air from the lungs through the nose. /m/, /n/, /v/

Liquids

Distinguished by the position of the tongue. Articulators are near near each other but not enough to impede airflow entirely. /l/, /r/

Glides

Speech sound produced by transition from one speech sound to another. /w/, /j/

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