A study of psychology developed by freud which states that people are driven by unconscious. More specifically, Libido (sex) and Thanatos (aggression).
First person to inquire about psychology. He believed psychological issues often have biological routes.
Tabula Rasa (blank slate): The environment affects a human's behavior.
Cognito Ergo Sum "I think therefore I am."
Medical connection to Psychology.
Who first led psychology towards science?
Wilhelm Wundt with his experiment on delayed response.
What is Structuralism?
A theory founded by Titchner.
What is Functionalism?
A theory founded by James
Description/definition of experiment. Very specific wording so one can replicate.
One seeks to find relationships and trends that exist naturally.
What is the technical name for a survey?
A forced response questionnaire.
What is the technical name for a case study?
A longitudinal study
The difference between the highest and lowest scores in a distribution.
A German man who was the first to study psychology in the lab in 1879.
Structuralism analyzes fields of thought and ideologies among other things as systems and examines how they are interrelated.
Functionalism studies societal institutions (education, government, etc) and examines how they affect and meet people's needs.
Introduced structuralism. Tried to discover the structural elements of the mind through "self-reflective introspection"
James assumed that thinking, like smelling, developed because it was adaptive—it contributed to our ancestors' survival. As a functionalist, James encouraged explorations of down-to-earth emotions, memories, willpower, habits, and moment-to-moment streams of consciousness.
Mary Whiton Calkins
A pioneering memory researcher and the first woman to be president of the American Psychological Association.
Margaret Floy Washburn
First woman to receive a psychology Ph.D