CHAPTER 8: JUDAISM

40 terms by hhammer12 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Anti-Semitism

Idea that there is a racial, ethnic, genetic component of Judaism. Jews were a dangerous "mongrel" race.

Zionism

Jewish movement dedicated to the establishment of a politically viable, internationally recognized Jewish state in the biblical land of Israel.

Torah

Jewish Teachings. The five books of Moses: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy

Apocalypse

In Judaism and Christianity, the dramatic end of the present age.

Ashkenazim

An ethnic group of the Jews that migrated first to Italy, spread throughout central and Eastern Europe and thence to the Americas.

Tanakh

Hebrew Bible (Jewish Scriptures)

Ghetto

An urban area occupied by those rejected by society, such as quarters for Jews in some European cities.

Talmud

Great compendium of Jewish law and lore

Synagogue

"Meeting places" to read the Torah and to worship communally, praying simply and directly to God.

Halakah

Jewish legal decision and the parts of the Talmud dealing with laws.

Shekinah

settling of the divine presence of God, especially in the Temple in Jerusalem.

Hasidism

Path of ecstatic piety

Sephardim

(Second largest group) descendants of those who migrated to Spain from West Asia in the 8th and 9th C.

Kabbalah

(Middle Ages)-esoteric teachings. Jewish mystical tradition.

Sabbath

Day of the week set aside for rest and worship

Kosher

Ritually acceptable foods, applied to foods in Jewish Orthodoxy.

Reform or Liberal Judaism

Began in the mid 19th C.- help modern Jews appreciate their religion rather than regarding it as meaningless.

Messiah

The "anointed," the expected King and deliverer of the Jews

Rabbi

Teacher; the ordained spiritual leader of a Jewish congregation.

Midrash

Literature delving into the Jewish torah.

Midrash

Literature delving into the Jewish torah.

Pentateuch

"five books of Moses" that appear at the beginning of the Tanakh-most sacred part of the scriptures

Minyan

A quorum of ten adults males-had to be present for community worship.

Orthodox Judaism

Encourage Jews to live by halakah and segregate themselves from non-Jewish secular culture

Bar Mitzvah

Ceremony celebrating coming of age, at thirteen, in Jewish Boys.

Bat Mitzvah

Non-orthodox congregations for girls

Prophets

a person chosen to speak for God and to guide the people of Israel

Holocaust

The murder of almost six million European Jews by the Nazi-leadership of Germany during

Diaspora

mass-dispersions of people with common roots, expulsion of Jews from the Middle East

Covenant

A unique belief introduced into Jewish theology-idea of a special covenantal relationship between the Jewish people and God.

Monotheism

Belief in one god

Shabbat

primarily a day of rest and spiritual enrichment.

Rosh Hashanah

New Years Day. Is a time for spiritual renewal in remebance of the original creation of the world

Yom Kippur

Day of Atonement. A day set aside for fasting, depriving oneself of pleasures, and repenting from the sins of the previous year.

Yom Haatzuma-ut

holiday celebrating Israel's independence in 1948.

Yom Hashoah

Holocaust remembrance day

Sukkot

8-Day fall harvest festival. Sukkot is also known as the Festival of Booths and the Feast of Tabernacles. A simple outdoor booth is built and decorated as a dwelling place for 7 days. Done as a ritual to remind the faithful that their real home is in God, who sheltered their ancestors on the way from Egypt to the promised land of Canaan.

Hanukkah

Feast of dedication. Also known as the Festival of Lights, is an eight-day Jewish holiday commemorating the rededication of the Holy Temple

Purim

Commemorates the legend of Esther.

Pesach

(Passover): Celebrates the liberation from bondage in Egypt and the springtime advent of new life. It was the tenth plague, death to all firstborn sons of the Egyptians, that finally brought the pharaoh to relent. Marked by a sedar dunner, with the eating of Matzah.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set