SAT (Root Words A-G)

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Use to learn root words to help with vocab use on SAT

acer

bitter,acerate-shaped like a needle

acid

sour,acidic-acid building

acri

sharp,acrid-stingingly bitter

agi

move,agitate-keep moving

ali

other,alias-an assumed name

allo

other,allograph-forgery

alter

other,alternative-another choice

anni

year,anniversary-the annual return of an event or a day

annu

year,annual-relating to another year

anthrop

man,misanthropy-hatred of mankind

arch

ruler,genarch-the head of the family

aster

star,asterisk-a tiny star

astro

star,astrophile-one interested in star lore

aud

hear,audible-can be heard

ago

go,demagogue- one who stirs people up for profit

ag

do,agenda-the program of work to be done

aus

listen,auscultation-the act of listening to sounds within the body

aut

self,automat-a self-service cafeteria

auto

self,autocrat-an absolute monarch

bene

well,benefit- an advantage

bio

life,biology- the study of living organisms

bon

good,bonny-sweet and attractive

calor

heat,caloric-like heat

cap

take,capias-a write for arrest

capit

head,capital- amount of accumulated goods

capt

chief,captain- the head

cause

cause,accuser- one who charges another with a crime

cede

go,cede- to yield

ceed

yield,abscess-a localized collection of pus due to infection

cep

receive,exception-something left out of general use

cept

take,interception-to gain possession

cess

surrender,recession- act of going back

chrom

color,chromophilic- easy to stain

chron

time,chronic-continuing for a long time

cide

kill,fratricide-the killing of one's brother

cise

cut,incise-cut into

civ

citizen,civil-trained

clam

call out,clamor-a shouting

claim

declare,exclaim-cry out

clud

shut,include-to take in

clus

shut,recluse-one who shuts himself in

congnosc

know,cognition-the act of knowing

coni

dust,otoconia-ear dust

cor

heart,core-the heart

cord

heart,cordial-cheerful

corp

body,corpse-a dead body

corpor

body,corporal-relating to the body

cour

heart,courage-to have heart;bravery

crea

create,creant-having the urge to create

cred

believe,credo-set of opinions

cub

lean back,accubation-posture of lying down

cumb

lie down,encumber-to place a burden upon

cus

motive,excuse- the reason for an action

cuse

motive,casual-relating to motive

cycl

wheel,cyclical-moving in a circle of cycle

cyclo

circle,cyclitis-inflammation of the tissue behind the eyeball

dem

people,demophile- a friend of the people

demo

people,democrat-one who believe in democracy

dent

tooth,dental-relating to teeth

dic

say,dictacte-command

dict

declare,diction-language

dont

tooth,orthodontia-straightening of irregular teeth

dorm

sleep,dormancy-state of being static

drome

running,prodrome-an early warning of disease

drome

running,hippodromist-a circus rider

duc

lead,abduct-to take away

duce

lead,induce-to persuade

duct

lead,educate-to develop

end

within,endoral-within the mouth

endo

within,endotrophic-nourished from within

enni

year,sexennial-occuring once every six years

fac

make,factive-making

fact

make,facsimile-a copy that is exact in every detail

feal

faith,fealties-intense fidelity

fect

make,proficient-able to do things well

feder

trust,federal-united

fer

bring,deference-respect for

fic

make,affect-make an impression upon

fid

faith,infidel-one who has no faith

fide

faith,fealty-loyally

fila

thread,filate-slender

fili

thread,filet-lace made of fine threads

fin

end,final-relating to the end

finis

end,confine-tokeep shut in

fix

fix,fixate- to become fiixed

flect

bend,flection-the act of bending

flex

bend,flexible-able to bend

flu

flowing,fluid-a liquid

fluc

flowing,flue-a passageway for a flow of air

fluv

flowing,fluvial-in relation to a moving stream

flux

flowing,fluxion-the act of changing

forc

strong,fort-a stronghold for protection

fort

fortune,fortress-a fortified by chance

fortuna

chance,fortuitous-happening by chance

fum

smoke,fumy-smoke-like; a funny smell

ge

earth,geobios-life of earth

gen

race,general-relating to all kinds

geo

soil,geophilous-growing or living on or under ground

germ

vital part,germin-to bud

gest

carry,gestant-pregnancy

gnosi

know,agnosy-state of not knowing

grad

step,grado-a degree of a scale in music

graph

write,graphite-soft, black carbon used for pencils

grat

pleasing,gratify-to please

grav

heavy,grave-serious

gravi

weighty,gravid-pregnant

gravito

heavy,graviton-a hypothetical particle with zero charge

gred

degree,gradual-processing by small steps

greg

herd,aggregate-to collect

gress

walk,ingress-the act of entering

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