Chapter 6: World War 1 and beyond

34 terms by Arod1997 

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1914-1920

Nationalism

love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it

militarism

a policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war

alliances

agreements between nations to aid and protect one another

Archduke Franz Ferdinand

heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne, was assassinated in Sarajevo, started World War I.

Kaiser William II

last German Emperor and King of Prussia, ruling both the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918.

Western Front

In WWI, the region of Northern France where the forces of the Allies and the Central Powers battled each other.

Contraband

goods whose importation or exportation or possession is prohibited by law

lusitania

british ocean liner that was sunken by a german u boat

U-boat

a German submarine that was the first submarine employed in warfare, initially used during WW1

Zimmerman Telegram

March 1917. Sent from German Foreign Secretary, addressed to German minister in Mexico City. Mexico should attack the US if US goes to war with Germany (needed that advantage due to Mexico's promixity to the US). In return, Germany would give back Tex, NM, Arizona etc to Mexico.

Selective service act

This 1917 law provided for the registration of all American men between the ages of 21 and 30 for a military draft. By the end of WWI, 24.2 had registered; 2.8 had been inducted into the army. Age limit was later changed to 18 to 45.

bernard baruch

He headed the War Industries Board which placed the control of industries into the hands of the federal government. It was a prime example of War Socialism.

CPI

measured the change of the price of goods and services

George Creel

head of the Committee on Public Information 1917 which was allegedly formed to combat wartime rumors by providing authoritative info. It served as propaganda agency proclaiming the govn'ts version of reality and discrediting those who questioned that version.

Conscientious objectors

These were men who refused to fight when drafted, usually because of a pacifist religion, such as the Quakers. Most of these men were still taken to the battlefield, but many were given non-fighting positions. They were widely hated throughout the army.

Espionage Act

This law, passed after the United States entered WWI, imposed sentences of up to twenty years on anyone found guilty of aiding the enemy, obstructing recruitment of soldiers, or encouraging disloyalty. It allowed the postmaster general to remove from the mail any materials that incited treason or insurrection.

Great Migration

(WW) , movement of over 300,000 African American from the rural south into Northern cities between 1914 and 1920

Convoy

a collection of merchant ships with an escort of warships

Vladimir Lenin

Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)

John J. Pershing

the commander of American troops in Europe druing WWI

Fourteen Points

the war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations

League of nations

An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace.

Henry Cabot Lodge

Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he was a leader in the fight against participation in the League of Nations

reparations

payment for damages after a war

irreconcilables

These were Republicans who wanted no part with the League of Nations. They were a burden to the vote on the League of Nations and had a part in its failure to pass.

reservationists

These were Republicans who wanted no part with the League of Nations unless there were some changes. They were a burden to the vote on the League of Nations and had a part in its failure to pass.

Versailles treaty

The compromise after WW1, settled land and freedom disputes. Germany had to take full blame for the war in order for the treaty to pass, among other things. The US Senate rejected it.

influenza

viral infection of the respiratory system characterized by chills, fever, body aches, and fatigue.

inflation

a general and progressive increase in prices

Red Scare

a period of general fear of communists

Palmer Raids

A 1920 operation coordinated by Attorney General Mitchel Palmer in which federal marshals raided the homes of suspected radicals and the headquarters of radical organization in 32 cities

Sacco and Vanzetti case

Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were Italian immigrants charged with murdering a guard and robbing a shoe factory in Braintree; Mass. The trial lasted from 1920-1927. Convicted on circumstantial evidence; many believed they had been framed for the crime because of their anarchist and pro-union activities.

Warren G. Harding

president who called for a return to normalcy following WWI

Creditor Nation

a nation that exports more than it imports, so that it is owed money by other nations

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