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Inorganic Compounds

Water Oxygen Carbon Dioxide Minerals W.O.C.M

Water

polar

Polar Molecules

slight charge at each end

Polar

uneven distribution of electrons

Cohesion

attraction between alike things

Adhesion

Atrraction to different substances

Uses for water

transport medium, dillute metabolic waste, helps maintain a constant body temperature

Cappilary

water moving up a plant due to cohesion

Surface Tension

how difficult it is to stretch or break the surface of a liquid

Surface Tension reasons

polarity and cohesion

how many Hydrogen Bonds

each water molecule can form up to 4

Film of surface tension

hydrogen bonds constantly forming and breaking

oxygen

required for cellular respiration

cellular resperation

combining food with oxygen to release energy from the food

minerals

any element that occurs naturally

organic compounds

C.L.P.N carbohydrates, liquids, proteins, nucleic acids

carbon

all organic coumpounds contain carbon but not everything with carbon is organic

covalent bonds

sharing electrons

organic compunds>3 things

1. it can live with itself
2. it can form rings or chains
3. it can form up to 4 covalent bonds

mixture

material composed of 2 or more elements

2 types of mixtures

solutions and suspensions

solutions

ions breaking from crystal ions dispersing in water froming a solutions

solute

being dissolved

solvent

what does the dissolving

suspensions

mixtures of undissolved materials and water
example: blood

Ph scale

7 is neutral

ph scale

indicate the concentration of h+

acids

any compuond that forms h+ in solutions

last 5 safety symbols

Heating, sharp objects, chemically corrosive, poison, electric shock

polymers

large molecules made by combining smaller compounds called monomers

monomers

small compounds

biosynthesis

building of life, adding monomers to create polymers

organic compounds contain

carbon and can form rings or chains

carbohydrates

energy, quick energy foods

monosaccharides

simple sugars- glucose, fructose, lactose

3 carbohydrates

carbon hydrogen and oxygen

c6 h12 o6

1:2:1 ratio

isomers

same chem formula but different structure

sucrose

glucose plus fructose, sugar

maltose

glucose plus glucose, malt sugar

lactose

glucose plus glactose, dairy sugar

dissacharides

c12 h22 o12 add two monosaccharides, when produced awater molecule is lost

hydrolysis

to break apart and add water

dissacharides

putting 2 monosaccharides together DEHYRDATION SYNTHESIS

polysaccharide

3 or more monosaccharides///EXAMPLES starch and cellulose

starch

long chain of glucose, andimals convert it to glycogen

cellulose

produced by plants/tough to digest/fiber in cellulose diet/keeps you regular

proteins

made of aminoacids held by peptide bonds

3 bonded amino acids

polypeptide

2 bonded aminoacids

diapeptide

protein functions

cell growth and repair
produce enzymes hormones and antibodies
normal cell function

nucleic acids

dna and rna

dna

genetic code

rna

funtions during protein synthesis

liquids

fats oils and waxes/steroids

traits of liquids

not soluble in water, stored energy

fats

fatty acide and glycerol/solids

oils

liquids at room temp

wax

protection uses

steroids

not soluble in water found in nature as toad venom and plant poisons and hormones/nerve tissue

enzymes

proteins that act like a catalyst/speeds up digestive process

enzyme theories

lock and key/ induced fit model

active site

where enzyme and substrate meet

endergonic reaticon

ex. photosynthesis- energy being absorbed

exergonic reaction

releasing energy from reaction ex: cellular resperation

active and passive transport

substances being carried in and out of the cell

active transport

abnormal flow of molecules from lower to higher concentration requires EXTRA energy

passive

normal flow of molecule from higher to lower concentration requires LESS energy

types of passive transport

diffusion-movement of ions molecules and atoms
osmosis-movement of water molecules across a cell membrane

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