Family & Consumer Science unit 4

Created by patsywhiddon 

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accessories

additional items that are not necessary, such as shoes, belts, scarves, hats, socks, ties, and jewelry that are part of your wardrobe

alterations

modifications made to a pattern or garment for a better fit

casing

closed tunnel of fabric that holds a piece of elastic or drawstring

clip

make a tiny snip in the seam allowance

directional stitching

stitching with, or in the same direction, as the fabric grain

fabric

a material made from fibers, such as cotton, silk, or nylon

fiber

a basic unit from which fabric is made

grade

to trim each layer of fabric to a different width to reduce bulk

grain of fabric

direction in which the treaads run in a fabric

illusion

an image that fools the eye

interfacing

piece of fabric placed between the outer fabric and facing

iron

to remove wrinkles or smooth fabrics with a heated iron

layout

a diagram included in sewing instructions that shows how to place the pattern pieces on fabric

natural fiber

fibers that come from plants or hair of animals

notions

Small items that become permanent part of the garment such as thread and seem tape

pattern envelope

package that a pattern is sold in; it contains information such as price, views, yardage, sizes, notiuons and suggested fabrics

pattern guide sheet

step-bystep information for cutting, marking, and sewing fabric peices together

pattern markings

lines and symbols marked on the pattern and transferred to the fabric to help guide construction

press

raising and lowering the iron from one area to the next

selvage

factory finished edge of a fabric

silhouette

an outline of a solid object

staystitching

row of machine stitches through one layer of fabric in order to prevent stretching

synthetic fiber

fibers manufactured from substances such as wood pulp, petroleum or natural gas

topstitching

a row of stitching done on the outside of a garment

understitching

a row of stitching used to keep the facing or bottom layer of fabric rolled out of sight

view

a variation on a sewing pattern design

yardage

the amount of fabric needed for a specific pattern view, size, fabric width, and for fabric with or without a nap

yarn

fibers twisted together or laid side by side

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