Chap 9 - Film & Video

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The author defines the term _____ "as the supervision by one individual or group over the artistic expression of another individual or group

censorship

In 1878, Eadweard Muybridge photographed a galloping horse, and discovered that

horses occasionally gallop with all four hooves off the ground

The widespread use by artists of the camera obscura (lit. dark room) began in

the Italian Renaissance

Early examples of art photography often imitated

the narrative form of painting

In addition to his highly successful career as a portrait photographer, Mathew Brady was the first photographer to document a major war. Which war did he and his team photograph

The American Civil War

The Farm Security Administration of the US Department of Agriculture

paid photographers to document the Great Depression

According to the author, "the individual most responsible for establishing photography as an art form" was

Alfred Steiglitz

The Surrealist movement that arose after World War I involved a fascination with

the unconscious

The Massachusetts Institute of Photography used the photographs of _____ to illustrate a high school science textbook published in 1957

Berenice Abbot

Despite an enthusiastic public acceptance, the success of the deguerreotype was limited by

the inability to make multiple images from one negative

In 1860 Abraham Lincoln posed for a carte de visite portrait. This photograph helped shape his political career since

the photgraphic process enabled unlimited multiple images to be produced

In 1888 the Kodak camera changed the history of photography

by making photography easily accessible to the general public

The works of Henry Peach Robinson and Mariko Mori exempplify the photographers

manipulation and combination of different photographic images in one work

Ther term camera obscura means

dark room

It is said that painters ____ forms, while photographers _____ them

invent / discover

Light-sensitive paper resulted in the _____, dark metal in the _____

calotype / tintype

Two of the most famous photographers of the nineteenth century were

Cameron & Brady

The subject matter of photography falls into the categories of portrait, landscape, genre and

abstraction

Genre themes involve scenes of

every day life

Stieglitz was particularly noted for

the art photograph

The controversial photographer _____ is still inspiring debates about the question of censorship in the arts

Mapplethorpe

The photojournalist who is most associated with covering The Great Depression is

Lange

_____ occurs when an exposed negative is re-exposed to light

solarization

Motion pictures were possible because of the Lumiere brothers' projector and the contributions of Edison and _____ to celluloid film

Eastman

D W Griffith is especially noted for developing

the mechanics of film making

Orson Weles' masterpiece is

Citizen Kane

A filmmaker who has total control over the script, actors, and the look of the film itself is called the

auteur

The video arts are especially concerned with

mass communication

A major difference between the video works of Nam June Paik and the films of modern filmmakers is

Paik's electronically manipulated images

Artists primarily used the camera obscura to

produce naturalistic drawings of the world

The photgraphic style which best describes simplified imagery and form reduced to the most essential characteristics is

abstraction

Orson Welles' film Citizen Kane is considered by many to be one of the best films ever made, It is noted for its

innovative camera angles and composition

A major difference between the work of a "pure" or "straight" photographer, such as Alfred Steiglitz, and the work of a photojournalist, such as Sebastiao Salgado, is

the different intentions of each photographer

Diane Arbus' portrait may be characterized by the photgrapher's

unusual subjects revealed in absurd situation

The Lumiere Brothers

originated the concept of auteur in filmmaking

_____ is the photograph that is most closely associated with Alfred Stieglitz's assertion that for photography to be an art, it should be true to its own nature

The Steerage

During the Great Depression of the 1930s, the United States government subsidized photographers and sent them out to

document conditions across the country

The basic principle of photography was known as early as the

5th century B.C.E.

In what year did Louis Jacques Mande Daguerre first record a clear, sharp photographic image

1837

During the 1930s, the US Department of Agriculture paid photographers to document conditions of

the Great Depression

The individual most responsible for establishing photography as an art form is probably

Alfred Stieglitz

The first motion picture, Fred Ott's Sneeze (1894) was created by technicians in the laboratory of

Thomas Edison

A director who completely controls all elements of a production

is an auteur

In 1895, the Lumiere brothers invented the first

workable motion-picture projector

In what year did George Eastman develop celluloid film

1888

One of the first artists to work with video was

Nam June Paik

The supervision by one individual or group over the artistic expression of another is one definition of

censorship

The first official television broadcast was at the new york's world's fair in

1939

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