Medterm Chapter 1

31 terms by SumerD

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Chemical level

Atoms combined to form molecules

cellular level

cells (smallest known life forms) made up of molecules

tissue level

tissues are groups of cells

organ level

Organs are made up of different types of tissues (two or more)

organ system level

consist of different organs that work together closely to create the organismal level

organismal level

an organism is a living individual; all the parts of the human body functioning together constitue the total organism

integumentary system

the organ system that forms a protective covering on the outside of the body, skin

endocrine system

Controls metabolic activities of the body

lymphatic system

lymph fluid, lymoh vessels, lymph nodes, spleen, tonsils, thymus gland

respiratory system

Takes in oxygen and eliminates carbon dioxide

excretion

the process by which wastes are removed from the body

recepter

A structure that monitors the body's internal functions and conditions; detects changes in the body's internal environment

control center

analyzes the information recieved from the receptor and decides upon the best course of action

positive feedback mechanisms

rare in the body; usually increase the original stimulus and push the variable farther from the original value

homeostatic imbalance

Beyond normal range - most diseases (organs = less efficient & capable of maintaining stability)

intermediate

between medial and lateral

antecubital

forearm

axillary

armpit

buccal

cheek

crural

leg

femoral

Thigh

inguinal

area where thigh meets body trunk; groin

tarsal

ankle region

cephalic

head

deltiod

Shoulder

occipital

posterior surface of head

popliteal

posterior knee area

sacral

between hips

scapular

shoulder blade

sural

the posterior surface of lower leg; the calf

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