ESC1000 Chapter 10 - Mountain Building and Crustal formation

36 terms by thumpaholden 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

folded mountains

Type of mountains that typically form in large mountain ranges.

anticline

Upward fold in sedimentary rocks, with the oldest rocks in the middle.

Appalachians and Himalayas

Two examples of folded mountain ranges.

basin

A roughly circular downward fold, like a rounded syncline, with the youngest rocks in the middle.

Basin and Range region, South East USA

Example of fault block mountains.

Black Hills, South Dakota

Example of a dome.

brittle deformation

Three ways of making mountains: volcanic arcs, ductile deformation, _________.

cascades

Example of mountains formed by a volcanic arc.

dome

A roughly circular upwarping (upward fold), like a rounded anticline, with the oldest rocks in the middle (other than the intrusion).

ductile formation

Mountain building process involving gradual compression and folding and warping.

fault block mountains

Landscape made by long series' of horst and grabens.

folded mountains

Mountains created by continental-continental collisions, which the largest and most complex type of mountains, and which typically form in large mountain ranges.

folding, pressure, time and warping

Four processes involved in forming mountains by ductile deformation (in alphabetical order).

footwall

The side of a fault that does not hang over.

graben

The depressed block of land bordered by two parallel normal faults.

Great Lakes, Michigan Basin

Example of a basin.

hanging wall

The side of a fault that hangs over.

horst

The elevated blocks of land that border two parallel normal faults.

horst and graben fault

Type of fault where a large block is bound by parallel normal faults on either side.

Japan

Example of mountains formed by a volcanic island arc.

mountain

A large mass of earth and/or rock rising above the common level of the adjacent land.

normal fault

Tensional fault with the hanging wall block moving down relative to the footwall block.

reverse fault

Compressional fault, with the hanging wall block moving up relative to the footwall.

strike-slip fault

Type of fault where there is lateral movement rather than vertical movement.

subduction

Process involved in forming mountains by volcanic arcs.

syncline

Downward fold in sedimentary rocks with the youngest rocks in the middle.

thrust fault

Type of reverse fault, where the fault line is at a very low angle and the hanging wall slides over the footwall.

volcanic arcs

Three ways of making mountains: _________, brittle deformation, ductile formation.

brittle deformation

Mountain building process where the pressure is applied too fast for the rocks to fold.

anticlines and synclines

Five landforms formed by ductile formation: basins and domes, _______ and ________, and folded mountains.

basins and domes

Five landforms formed by ductile formation: anticlines and synclines, _______ and ________, and folded mountains.

ductile deformation

Three ways of making mountains: volcanic arcs, _________, brittle deformation.

folded mountains

Five landforms formed by ductile formation: anticlines and synclines, domes and basins, and _________.

normal and reverse faults

Six landforms formed by brittle deformation: _____and _______; thrust faults, strike-slip faults, horst and graben faulting, fault block mountains

thrust and strike-slip faults

Six landforms formed by brittle deformation: normal and reverse faults; ______and ________, horst and graben faulting, fault block mountains.

horst and graben faulting and fault block mountains

Six landforms formed by brittle deformation: normal faults, reverse faults, thrust faults, strike-slip faults; _______and _______.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set