PASSÉ COMPOSÉ W/ÊTRE

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A group of frrench verbs forms the passé composé with être rather than with avoir. Most of these verbs express motion or describe a change of state. When the passé composé is formed with être, the past participle agrees in gender and number with the subject.

ALLER

TO TO

je suis allé(e)

I went

tu es allé (e)

You went (familiar)

il/on est allé

He/one went

elle est allée

she went

nous sommes allé(e)s

we went

vous êtes allé(e)s

you went (formal)

ils sont allés

they went (masc)

elles sont allées

they went (fem)

FOLLOWING VERBS USE ÊTRE IN THE PASSÉ COMPOSÉ

.....

arriver

je suis arrivé(e)

descendre

je suis descendu (e)

devenir

je suis devenu (e)

entrer

je suis entré (e)

monter

je suis monté (e)

mourir

ill (elle) est mort (e)

naître

je suis né (e)

partir

je suis parti (e)

rentrer

je suis rentré (e)

rester

je suis resté (e)

retourner

je suis retourné (e)

sortir

je suis sorti (e)

tomber

je suis tombé (e)

venir

je suis venu (e)

The following verbs are also conjugated with être when a prefix is added.

.....

redescendre

je suis redescendu(e) - I went back down

remonter

je suis remonté(e) - I went back up

repartir

je suis reparti(e) - I left again

revenir

je suis revenu(e) I came back

Verbs conjugated with avoir & être in the passé composé

.....

monter

a monté - took up

descendre

avons descendu - brought our

entrer

ai enré - have entered

rentrer

a rentré - have brought

sortir

a sorti - took out

passer is conjugated w/étre in the passé composé when it means: to come by, stop by to see, visit, be over. In most other cases it is conjugated with avoif.

.....

passer (with être)

est passé - has come by
est passée - came by
est passé - is over

passer (with avoir)

ont passé - spent
a passé - took

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