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for AP US History Ch 4 & 5 from the textbook 'Out of Many'

The first and most valuable crop raised by slaves in the Americas was

sugar

T or F Columbus introduced sugarcane into the Americas from islands off Africa

true

Shifting cultivation included all of the following

clearing land by burning, letting cleared land lie fallow, using hoes to cultivate the land

In West Africa, slaves

were treated more like family members

In terms of numbers, the least important destination for American slaves was

the North American mainland

African families were first split up

while awaiting shipment to the Americas

The term "Middle Passage" refers to

the middle part of the trade triangle in which slaves were shipped from West Africa to North America

T or F Africans were prevented by law from acquiring land and slaves in Virginia

False

Slave societies were characterized by

slavery as the dominant form of labor

The 18th century Carolina "low country" slave system depended on

rice and indigo dye

The papacy considered slavery

a violation of christian principles

Antislavery sentiment first emerged in

Pennsylvania

T or F Slave codes did not provide for legal slave marriages because it would have contradicted the master's rights of property

true

African Americans were not converted to christianity in large numbers until

the great awakening (1740s)

The foundation of African-American culture was

music and dance

The nursing of white children by African slave mothers

introduced African influences into southern language

Slave revolts in North America were rare because

Africans had establishes families and communities

Capital acquired through slavery contributed to all of the following:

the founding of the first modern banks, the growth of port cities, the Industrial Revolution

Mercantilism viewed the economy as

having finite resources

The capture of Louisburg by the British was

the first time the concluding battle of a European battle was fought on american soil

T or F The English Navigation Acts responded to the demands of domestic manufacturers for cheap raw materials and guaranteed colonial markets for finished goods

True

The "first families" of Britain's southern colonies in North America

passed on their wealth from father to son

Slave codes included

physical punishment of any Africans who struck a Christian, denial of civil rights, and penalties or interracial marriage

T or F European nations participated in the African Slave trade

True

T or F The beginnings of slavery were in North America

False

From North to South, these are the tribes in West Africa that contributed to the slave trade:

Mandingos, Ashantis, Yorubas, Hausas, Ibos, Bakongos

An important element in the development of the African slave trade was the

reluctance of the catholic church to allow enslavement of christians

The majority of people who came to America prior to 1800 were from

Africa

The vast majority of Africans bound into slavery were

captured by other Africans who traded their victims to Europe

In the account of his enslavement, Olaudah Equiano states that

he believed that many more slaves would have tried to kill themselves if they had been able to

One result of the slave trade was

debilitating social and economic dislocations in West Africa

One reason that South Carolina embraced African style slavery early in the colony's history is

the role that Africans played in the production of indigo and rice

The growth of the African American community was based on

The relationship between Creoles and Africans and between the slaves and their masters

The identity that African Americans developed during the 18th century

revealed the resilience of human beings in responding to the tragedy of enslavement

In British North America, slavery

discouraged economic diversification that characterized the development of industry

The fundamental principle of mercantilism is that

the wealth of a nation is based on the amount of gold and silver specie that a nation accumulates

The eighteenth century plantation economy

created widespread wealth for many white Americans and an unprecedented opportunity for freedom

One result of slavery in the colonies was

a highly stratified class structure

The most important institution in sixteenth century West Africa was

the local community

In West Africa, _____ sustained large populations and thriving networks of commerce

farming

T or F The life of a slave in West Africa was similar to that of a slave in the West Indies

False

Before the 19th century, Africans outnumbered European Immigrants by a ratio of

6 to 1

The capture of Africans for slavery was generally characterized by

violent raids on African villages

T or F Political, economic, and cultural demoralization as a result of the slave trade paved the way for European conquest or Africa in the 19th century

True

T or F The English relied on the long establishes law allowing enslavement for life and the inevitable and inheritable status of slavery.

false

A law declared in 1669 that the death a slave during punishment

was not a felony

Planters often worked their slaves to death in

Brazil

Slavery was relatively uncommon in the New England countryside except in

Rhode Island

T or F the Quakers who did not believe in owning slaves themselves were the first voices for the antislavery movement

false

T or F planters generally tried to keep slave families together in order to increase the productivity of their slaves

False

One of the most important development of the 18th century was

the creation of a common language

Mutual ______ is evident in many aspects of African-American and Southern society

acculturation

Runaway slaves were generally

young men in their twenties

T or F On economist describes the slave trade as the 'foundation' of British economy, 'the mainspring of the machine which sets every wheel in motion'

true

The basis of mercantilism was

political control of the economy by the state

T or F The mercantilist era was characterized by intense and violent competition between European states

true

T or F most colonists began to complain about British restrictions on imports and exports in the 1740s

False

Slavery produced a highly _______ class system

stratified

T or F Interracial sexual relationships were common and looked upon highly

false

What colonial war took place between France and England near the St. Lawrence river between 1689 and 1697?

King William's war

What colonial war took place between France/Spain and England --also known as the War of Spanish Succession-- between 1702 and 1713?

Queen Anne's War

What colonial war took place between Spain and Great Britain in the West Indies and Georgia between 1739 and 1743, also known as the first part of the War of Austrian Succession?

War of Jenkins's Era

What colonial war took place between France and England near Acadia and Nova Scotia between 1744 and 1748, also known as the second American round of the War of Austrian Succession?

King George's War

What colonial war took place between France/Spain and England between 1689 and 1697, also known as the Seven Years War?

French and Indian War

African slaves first brought to Portugal

1441

Spain grants official license to Portuguese slavers

1518

Africans constitute a majority on Hispaniola

1535

First Africans brought to Virginia

1619

English seize Jamaica

1655

Virginia law makes slavery hereditary

1662

South Carolina founded

1670

Royal African Company organized

1672

Virginia prohibits interracial sexual contact

1691

Britain opens the slave trade to all its merchants

1698

Spanish declare Florida a refuge for escaped slaves

1699

South Carolinians burn St. Augustine

1702

Virginia Slave Code established

1705

French and Spanish navies bombard Charleston

1706

English capture Port Royal in Acadia

1710

Slave uprising in New York City

1712

Peace of Utrecht

1713

Robert Walpole leads British cabinet

1721-1748

Natchez rebellion in French Louisiana

1729

Molasses act

1733

Stono Rebellion in South Carolina

1739

Africans executed in New York for conspiracy

1741

Georgia officially opened to slavery

1752

Peak period of the English colonies' slave trade

1770s

Importation of slaves into the United States ends

1808

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