Kinn's Chapter 35 Review

92 terms by mqahines 

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Administering Medication

Bevel

Angled tip of a needle

Bronchoconstriction

Narrowing of the bronchiole tubes

Edema

Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the interstitial spaces of tissues

Enteric coated

A coating added to an oral medicaiton that resists the effects of stomach juices; designed so that medicine is absorbed in the small intestine

Hermetically sealed

Sealed so that no air is allowed to enter

Hypotension

Low blood pressure

Immunotherapy

Administering repeated injections of diluted extracts of the substance that causes an allergy; also called desensitization

Induration

An abnormally hard, inflamed area

Loading dose

Administering a double dose for the first dose of the medication; usually done with antibiotic therapy to reach therapeutic blood levels quickly

Phlebitis

Inflammation of a vein; may lead to thrombus formation

Meniscus

The curved formation of liquids in a container

Polyuria

Excretion of an unusually large amount of urine

Scored tablet

Drug in pill form manufactured with an indentation for division through the center

Vasodilation

Increase in the diameter of a blood vessel

Viscosity

The quality of being thick; property of resistance to flow in a fluid

Volatile

Referring to an explosive substance's capacity to vaporize at a low temperature

Wheal

Localized area of edema or a raised lesion

scored

made to cut or split

tablet

compressed powder

buffered

having decreased acidity

capsule

gelatin-coated particles

caplet

an oblong tablet

time released

dissolves at different times

syrup

mixture of sugar and water

aromatic waters

volatile oil in water

liquors

fluids taht contain alcohol

suspension

insoluble drug in liquid

emulstion

oil mixture

gel or magma

minerals in water

tinctures

mixtures of alcohol and plant extract

elixirs

sweetened fluids

buccal

cheek

sublingual

tongue

inhalation

upper respiratory system and lungs

lotion

medication applied to the skin

liniment

also applied to the skin, but having a higher proportion of oil than lotions

ointment

semisolid medication in an oil base

transdermal

absorbed slowly through the skin

vial

glass container with a stopper

ampule

glass container that must be broken to obtain medication

multiuse

can be used for more than one dose

prefilled

ready to inject

cartridge system

tubex or other holder or plunger required

7 rights of drug administration

right drug, route, time, dose, patient, technique, documentation

when should the medical assitant check the drug label?

when taking medication from storage area, just before dispensing the medicaiton from the container, when replacing the container in storage or before discarding the used container

vial

has a rubber stopper

ampule

has sharp edges after it is opened

ampule

is always single use

vial

air must be injected into it before medicine can be removed

vial

can be multiuse

ampule

a filtered needle is required to avoid getting glass in the syringe

vial

has a vacuum after it is opened

ampule

extra care is required to prevent contamination

ampule

always discarded in a sharps container

ampule

guaze or an unopened alcohol prep should be used to prevent injury as the neck breaks away

IM

intramuscular

ID

intradermal

IV

intravenous

SC

subcutaneous

needles may be purchased separately or as part of a needle-syringe unit

true

the diameter or lumen size of a needle is called its guage

true

the larger the gauge number, the smaller the diameter of the needle

true

guages 25 and 26 are commonly used fro subcutaneous injections

true

guages 20 to 23 usually are necessary for intramuscular injections when the medication is thick (e.g., penicillin)

true

needles that are 1/2- or 5/8- inch long are used for intramuscular injections

false

needles that are 1/2- or 5/8- inch long are used for subcutaneous injections

true

a contaminated needle should be recapped before disposal in a sharps container

true

the parts of the needle are the barrel, calibrated scale (s), plunger, and tip

false

longer needles are necessary for depositing drugs intradermally

false

45 degrees, 15 degrees

The angle of an insulin injection is _______, and the angle of injection for an ID administration is _____________.

27-28 gauge, 25-26 gauge, 20-23 gauge

What gauge and length of needle would be used for a TB skin test?____________. For an insulin injection? ________. For an IM injection? ______________

0.01, 0.1

The 1 mL TB syringe is calibrated at ____ mL per line. The 3 mL syringe is calibrated at _____ mL per line.

q 4 hr

every 4 hours

tid

three times a day

qid

four times a day

bid

twice a day

q 3 hr

every three hours

HS

hour of sleep

AC

before meals

PC

after meals

PRN

as needed

PO

my mouth

NPO

nothing by mouth

PR

per rectum

IV

intravenous

SC (SQ)

subcutaneously

IM

intramuscular

SL

sublingual

QD

everyday

qod

every other day

QAM

every morning

QPM

every evening

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