Six major concepts
4.whole person perspective
Rely on imaging through use of magnets to measure blood flow.
Compare brain to a computer
All memory is based on associations
The more emotional you are the moe you will remember
Skinner believed that everything is learned
Skinner thought that you needed to find out what motivates someone for doing it
Skinner thought we didn't have free will
Most of humankind is guided by unconscience
Related to an iceberg
Early childhood has a big influence on you
Brought everything back to sex
Started in the 60s
Looked at the good in people
Everyone has something to offer
Foundation on positive and free will
Study in Russia on subject (S) by dr. Loire
Could not block the noise and cannot shut it off
In the autistic spectrum
Those with this condition that are not on the autistic spectrum are normally autistic
Where a memories stored
In the cerebral cortex in different places.
What sets us apart from others one the food chain
You remember things that happened in a specific mood when in that mood
Take them back to happy place in order to bring people to a happy mood
Dr. Jones is industrial/ organizational (I/O) psychologist Thus, she is most likely to do what?
Help companies develop questions to ask job candidates
Psychology is different from pseudoscience because of
It's method if using the scientific method ti test theories and hypothesis
A subject who is exposed to the study treatment is said to be in the _____________ condition
If I performed a study in the 1980s, and you wanted to see if my findings are still current in 2008, you could simply ______________ my study today
Alicia wants to understand the impact of peer pressure on adolescent behavior. She goes to a popular mall and observes the activities and interactions of a group of adolescents. Alicia is using
Which type of research study would best be used ti study that shaped a notorious serial killer
The American Psychological Association guidelines state that research participants must
Be debriefed after the study if the research involves deception
Some research questions cannot be answered using human experiments because
Some studies would be impractical or unethical
A psychologist who studies how hormones affect a persons behavior is using the____________ perspective
A breakthrough in the scientific field of ____________ ultimately led ti the worlds first psychology laboratory
Gestalt psychology argued that perception is
A process in which the whole is more than the sum of the parts
A scientist who studies the strategies involved in playing a gave of chess is most likely to follow a ______________ approach to psychology
The key feature of behaviorism that distinguishes it from other approaches to psychology is that
Only observable behavior Is appropriate for study
A _____________ psychology would be most likely to explain nail-biting behavior as resulting from an oral fixation and an unconscious, self-destructive tendency
The ___________ perspective argues that other people have a large influence on our own behaviors
________ refers to the tendency for each hemisphere of the brain to take control of different functions.
Damage to the ________ is the most likely explanation for a brain injury that has devastating effects on human action and personality.
The notion that we use only ____ percent of our brains is false and came about during a time when neuroscientists lacked not only the technology but had not figured out the functions of many coritical areas.
________ is the interdisciplinary field involving biologists, psychologists, computer scientists, and chemists.
Darwin's theory of ________ argues that evolution favors those organisms that are best adapted to their environment.
________ are biochemical substances that are released into the synaptic cleft to stimulate or suppress other neurons.
Which of the following is true of nerve cell development?
Some nerve cells die during the first few years of life.
The are about 100 billion nerve cells in the adult brain.
The brain has excess neurons at birth.
Our brain can generate new nerve cells.
Because the human brain is born already programmed for language, we can say that language is a/an ________ behavioral tendency.
Actor Christopher Reeve was paralyzed from the neck down because of accidental damage to his
The scanning device that makes highly detailed pictures from tissue responses to powerful pulses of energy is the
Damage to the ________ would be expected to impair your ability to name three exciting news events that occurred after this damage to your brain.
The central nervous system is comprised of all the neurons in the ________ and the ________.
brain; spinal cord
Endocrine glands secrete this group of chemicals into the bloodstream to affect target organs.
Which body structure was altered during the process of evolution which resulted in higher levels of cognitive functioning for humans?
Peter suffers damage to his left frontal lobe and loses the ability to speak, although he can still understand speech. Despite the permanence of this damage, he is able to recover some of his speech due to the ability of other parts of the brain to take over lost function. This phenomenon is known by neuroscientists as
Gazzaniga suggests that we think of the human mind as neither a single nor a dual entity but rather as a
confederation of minds.
The descriptors "positive" and "negative," when used in reference to reinforcers, are synonyms for
"add" and "remove."
The notion that learning produces physical changes in the synapses of the brain is consistent with
. long-term potentiation.
________ reported that watching violent behaviors makes children more likely to behave violently?
For Little Albert, his fear of ________ was interpreted as an instance of ________.
a white laboratory rat; conditioned fear
Jenna walks into her science class laboratory, and she immediately feels queasy. Today is the day her class is dissecting frogs and she is sickened by the smell of the formaldehyde. However, after an hour Jenna is no longer sickened because of
A practical use of aversive conditioning by John Garcia was to
dissuade wild coyotes from attacking sheep.
Using the Premack principle, once you have finished studying for your next biology test you should
do something you enjoy.
Which of the following is true of punishment?
Punishment interferes with the learning of new and better behaviors.
Punishment must be used consistently in order to be effective.
Aggression is produced by punishment.
Punishment usually involves the application of an aversive stimulus.
________ refers to the condition in which media violence reduces emotional arousal while watching violence.
The term "reinforcer" refers to any condition that ________ a response.
follows and strengthens
Your ability to remember where you were the morning of September 11, 2001, is an example of a/an
If you are trying to remember the names of all the U.S. presidents, the serial position effect would predict that you will have difficulty
recalling the presidents in the middle of the list.
Because of the limited capacity of ________, it is unsafe to talk on a cell phone while driving on a freeway during rush-hour.
If you study for an exam on one day and then continue studying on the next day, you are using
Luiz is being asked to remember a series of the following 15 letters: FOXHOWLSWANTBUG. He finds this to be easier to remember as the four words "fox howls want bug," rather than 15 individual letters. Luiz has used a process known as
Mark 1.00 out of 1.00
If I asked you what you ate for dinner on Saturday, it might be a difficult task. However, if I reminded you that you went to Outback Steakhouse with your mother and aunt, it may be easier to remember. Why is that?
You have been provided with retrieval cues.
By looking over the chapter outline, the summary, the Key Questions, and Core Concepts, you form the impression of the overall meaning of the material. The details are later associated with this overall impression. This is known as
the whole method.
The ________ theory claims that establishing more connections with long-term memories makes information more meaningful and memorable and thus easier to recall.
Two strategies that are useful in dealing with the limits of working memory are to
chunk and rehearse.
When you hear a phone number and are able to recall it for a brief period, the phone number is thought to reside within ________ memory.