(re: again) (ligion: to connect) to connect again (with other or supernatural)
education process where you become more enriched and rounded by studying different religions
study of human culture
study of god - belief that god exists
belief in one god( 3 major : Christianity, Islam, Judaism)
belief in many gods( more than one deity)
the belief that all reality is divine: everything is part of god
a certain conviction that there is no god (don't know)
a skeptical uncertainty that there a god at all(not sure)
All religion came from Oedipus complex(kill dad, bang mom)
religion is considered to be an opiate of the people. Marx believed that all religions should be eliminated in order to allow the poor people to revolt against the rich.
pour some drink on the ground as an offering to the spirits as a toast.
(not something that is false) in religions studies a myth is a story that expresses a truth. (may not be a literal truth, actual a deeper truth)
(or medicine man) person that passes on the oral tradition. A shaman is chosen because something is different about them( someone that has experienced a traumatic event or birth effect.
enter into a trance state and look into the past or future.
when you take an animal, cut it open to predict future.
Rites of Passage
marks important life events.(often rituals preformed my shamans or community's)
refers to a culture whose various elemetns (art,music, social behavior) may all have religious meaning.
a worldview that sees all elements of natuer as being filled with spirit or spirits
"the time of eternity"
A strong social prohibition
similiar to a god in indigenous religions. Ancestors must be treated well out of love for them, but also out of respect
A long-stemmed sacred pipe is used primarily by many native peoples of north america; it is smoked as a token of peace
powerful but invisible forces are able to great good, or tremendous evil. these powers are directed by diviners and healers through incantations, figuriens, and potions.
river is where it all began(water was source of life), it was worshiped as goddess.
"no harm," "nonviolence"
one spiritual reality that underlies all seemingly separate realities. (everything is really one thing)
refers to the experience of the sacred within oneself
(illusion) - that keeps us from seeing the world correctly. (we are all living in this illusion)(we are thought to be trapped in Maya)
The general Hindu notion of rebirth that assumes human beings have at one or another time existed as a "lower" form. You are able to acheive a higher form if you do all the tings that you need to do in your life
(liberation from the cycle or rebirth and liberation from egoism) the goal of Hinduism is to break free of maya
in Sanskrit it means "divine song" - this book celebrates the Hindu god called Krishna
A prince that sits down in a battel field and a god named Vishnu comes to visit him. vishnu tells him he must do what is right and fulfill his duty.
priest, you are born into this, you cannot chose it
similar to middles class (bankers, landowners, artisans)
manual labor, expected to serve higher castes
so low that they are treated like outsiders in Hindu society, they beg on the streets
is about studying the scriptures. You gain insight into the divine, by studying the sacred texts
is about unselfish work to help others
is about showing devotion to gods and goddesses(chanting and praying, making offerings to statues)
"is about meditation to calm the mind. While meditating they use a mantra, this is used again and again to help you focus (ooom.....oooom) this means I am god
"involves physical exercises ( what we think of yoga in the west) they believe that this will help you grow spiritually
Sannyasin (sun -yaw-some)
While meditating they use a mantra, this is used again and again to help you focus (ooom.....oooom) this means I am god
a spiritual community.
a spiritual teacher who has achieved enlightenment and teaches it to others. They teach the 5 yogas
Here, Hindus and Jains worship together. Pittsburg is to be a sacred city in Hinduism( because 3 rivers meet there) rivers are considered holy.
a path of devotion to a god or gods
devotional ritual commonly preformed at an altar, involves offerings of flowers , food, fire, and incense to images of a god or gods, with occasional singing of hymns.
The Trimurti(know all three gods)
(the triple form) the three most important gods in Hinduism
Brahma (The Trimurti)
The creator, he creates all things, in Hindu art work, he is shown as a king sitting on a throne, he has 4 faces and 8 arms( 4 faces so he can see all things, 8 arms to show more power)
Vishnu (The Trimurti)
The sustainer, they preserve all life. in the Vedas, Vishnu is associated with the sun because we need sun to live (this is most popular god in Hinduism) Vishnu has a crown and 4 arms in painting. Vishnu is thought to take human form and help people in need
Shiva (The Trimurti)
The destroyer, he destroys life. Destruction is not seen as bad in Hinduism, it's the cycle of life. Things must be destroyed so new things can happen. He is portrayed as dancing in a ring of fire, to show his destructive force.
An earthly embodiment of a diety.
When the husband dies and is being cremated, the wife jumps under the flames and goes with him. This used to be very common practice. This practice is now against the law in India.
A god associated with divine playfulness; a form of Vishna
International Society for Krishna Consciousness, Also know as the "Hare Krishna" this group was created in New York city. They wanted to spread worship to the god Krishna to non Indian people in the west.
Devine reality at the heart of all things. (spiritual essence of the universe) (main idea is that everything is Brahman)