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the bony joint is the fusion of two bones called

synostosis

because the connectione between 2 bones present in a synostis is immovable it is considered

synarthrotic joint

the connection between bone of diaphysis and epiphysis after bone lengthening stops is an example of

synostosis

what suture exists between two frontal bones that fuse into one bone during infancy is an example of synostosis

metopic

what joints are complex structures that allow significant amounts of movement

synovial

the synovial joint is surrounded by what

fibrous capsule

at ends of articulating bones are within a joint cavity that contains

synovial fluid which bathes the tissues of cavity.

the fluid is produced by synovial membrane that is made of

areolar tissue which lines the inner surface of joint cavity

what is a characteristic of articular cartilage

smooth slick does not have perichondrium, coated with synovial fluid that lubricates and minimizes frictions between articulating surfaces

what surrounds articular cartilage

synovial fluid

to remain healthy articular cartilage which is

non vascular, relies on circulation of synovial fluid for movement of nutrients to chondrocytes within cartilage and removal of wastes from them.

what acts as a shock absorber by helping to evenly distribute pressure within articular cavity and across articulating surface as joint is used

synovial fluid

what is a pad made of fibrocartilage which is positioned between opening of bones of synovial joint

meniscus

localized masses of adipose tissue that fill spaces and act as packing material within synovial joint cavity

fat pads

strong cords of dense connective tissue that stabilize and limit movement of joint

ligaments

small synovial membrane lined pockets in connective tissue around synovial membrane.

bursae

what doe bursae contain

synovial fluid - their presence helps reduce friction where ligaments rub against other tissues

what is the condition of having an inflamed and painful busa

bursitis

how are synovial joints stabilized?

by joint capsule and ligaments, shape of articulating surface, skeletal muscle, and tendons

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