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the body starting position is called the

anatomical position

describe anatomical positon

all joints fully extended, palms facing forward

flexion extension occurs within

saggital plane ( front to back )

abduction/adduction occurs within the

coronal plane ( side to side)

bending parts at joint so angle between them decreases

flexion

straightening parts at joint so angle between them decreases

extension

extension beyond the full extension of anatomical position

hyperextension

movement at ankle that brings foot closer to shin

dorsiflexion

movement at ankle that brings foot farther from shin

plantar flexion

moving a part away from midline

abduction

movement a part toward mideline

adduction

movement around an axis

rotation

moving a part so end follows circular path

circumduction

turning hand so palm is facing anteriorly or forward

supination

turning the hand so palm is facing posteriorly or downward

pronation

turning the plantar surface of foot laterally

eversion

turning plantar surface of foot medially

inversion

moving a part forward

protraction

moving a part backward

retraction

raising a part

elevation

lowering a part

depression

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