Government Alive Ch 7

16 terms by vdeadman 

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Jim Crow Laws

Laws that enforced segregation and denied legal equality to African Americans.

naturalization

A legal process through which a person not granted citizenship by birth can become a citizen of a country. A naturalized citizen enjoys most or all of the rights of native-born citizens.

resident alien

An immigrant who has legal status in the United States; a lawful permanent resident.

green card

An identification card issued to immigrants who are legal residents of the United States.

conservatism

An ideology favoring a limited role for government and more private initiative by nongovernmental groups in efforts to solve society's problems.

undocumented immigrant

A person who has come to the United States to live and work without the required legal papers.

centrism

An ideology at the middle of the political spectrum that combines elements of both liberal and conservative thought

civil society

Associations and other voluntary groups that form middle layer in society between government and individual families. It includes groups that people join because of family, faith, interests, or ideology.

ideology

A basic set of political beliefs about the roles of government and the individual in society.

political culture

A society's framework of shared values, beliefs, and attitudes concerning politics and government.

socialism

An economic system that calls for public ownership of the means of production.

conservatism

An ideology favoring a limited role for government and more private initiative by nongovernmental groups in efforts to solve society's problems

liberalism

An ideology favoring an active role for government in efforts to solve society's problems.

environmentalism

An ideology that emphasizes conservations and protection of the environment

libertarianism

An ideology based on a strong belief in personal freedom and a minimal role for government.

Civil Rights Act

Land mark legislation passed in 1964 that banned discrimination on the basis of race, sex, religion, or national origin

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