Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

absolute power

unlimited and unrestrained power

divine right

belief that king was established by God and therefore had absolute power and was not bound by human law

intendents

officials directly responsible to the French king

Frondes

French political upheavals between 1648 and 1653 aimed at challenging the power of the king; last serious attempt to limit the power of the king until the French Revolution

lieutenant

French officers responsible to the king by whom the king gained control of the army

Junkers

Prussian nobility who worked closely with the electors in governing the country and serving as officers in the Prussian army

czar

emperor of Russia

Roundheads

supporters of Parliament in the English Civil War

Cavaliers

supporters of the king in the English Civil War

cabinet government

a group of advisors to the English king who met to discuss matters of state

balance of power

the goal of European nations to ensure that no nation would dominate Europe; involved the formation of alliances

status quo ante bellum

the way things were before the war

Diplomatic Revolution

radical changes in traditional European alliances prior to the Seven Years' War

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set