Why is the Indus River Valley so great?
the two rivers would flood regularly twice a year and produce fertile soil
Who took over the Harrapans and Mhenjo-Daro?
aryan system of rules in order to govern
what declares superiority in the Hindu culture
social and religious ways
the castes are also known as_____?
what are the castes
priests, kings and princes
farmers merchants and crafts men
not considered humans
slaves, criminals, war prisoners
what is the 3rd largest religion in the world?
Hymn songs prayers and ceremonies used as a religion manual
The oldest known literary work in the world
3 main gods of Hinduism
This was created to make people work in hope for a better life
Created to make people do good things in the hope that good things would come to them
What is a branch of Hinduism?
who founded Buddhism?
Siddhartha was a ______
Why did Siddhartha start Buddhism?
he wanted to know how to end human suffering
self sacrifice/ fasting
Siddhartha developed the 4 noble truths
1. to live is to suffer
2. we suffer because we have a desire for material goods
3. In order to quit suffering, you must end your desire for those goods
4. Follow the middle path
the middle path
1) The right view
2) The right intention
3) The right speech (tell the truth)
4) The right action
5) The right livelihood
6) The right effort
7) The right mindfulness
8) The right concentration/meditation
What concepts of Buddhism are the same in Hinduism?
Siddhartha believed the ultimate goal of Biddhism was______
one major difference of Biddhism from Hinduism
The lower classes accepted Buddhism because of its belief that you could be reincarnated to a higher class and have a hope of moving up to an even higher class
A religion where all material items are rejected, and you have to beg for everything
what was the first Aryan unified empire?
Who started the Mauryan Empire?
What did Maurya crate when he became the maharaja?
A template for the government to run on
This cause a separation of church and state (first time we see this)
if your husband died, the body was put in a burial fire, and the wife was expected to jump in the fire and die with your husband
Ancient philosophical texts that talked about a quest for personal reality and personal acceptance
Foundation for modern day psychology