English mathematician and physicist
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
an autocracy governed by a monarch who usually inherits the authority
strict conformity to the letter of the law rather than its spirit
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.