Nail State Board Exam Review

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The cuticle is composed of layers of the cells of the:

epidermis

Nails of adults grow at an average of:

1/8' a month

The matrix is well supplied with blood vessels and:

nerve

The technical term for the nail is:

onyx

All growth of the nail takes place from its

matrix

Nails tend to grow faster

in children and summer

The part of the nail that extends over the fingertips is called

free edge

The lunula is the visible half moon at the

base of the nail

Nerves,blood and lymph vessels are found in the nail

matrix

The extension of excess cuticle at the base of the nail is known as the

eponychium

The deep fold of skin in which the nail root is lodged is called the

mantle

The nail grooves are furrowed edges at the

sides of the nail

The nail plate extends from the nail root to the

free edges

The reproductive organ of the nail is the

free edge

The digital bones of the fingers are called

phalanges

The palm of the hand consists of

5 metacarpi

The ulna is the large bone on the little finger side of the

forearm

The wrist bone is called the

carpus

The function of the extensor muscles is to

straighten the hand and fingers

The function of the flexor muscles is to

bend the wrist and fingers

The ulnar nerve supplies the

little finger side of the arm

The radial nerve supplies the

thumb side of the arm

Hangnails are treated by softening the cuticle with

oil

Furrows in the nails may be caused by

systemic condition

The ulnar artery supplies the

little finger side of the arm

The radial artery supplies the

thumb side of the arm

Furrows in the nails may be caused by injury to the nail

matrix

Before using any manicuring implement, it should be

cleansed and sanitized

Blue nails are usually a sign of

poor blood circulation

The common name for tinea unguim is

ringworm of the nail

Filing deep into nail corners may cause

ingrown nails

Hangnails are caused by

dry cuticles

Split nails are often associated with what type of deficiency?

systemic

Nails having wavy ridges are polished with a slightly wet buffer over which is spread a small amount of

pumice powder

Hangnails are caused by

neglected nails

Splitting of the nail may be caused by filing

carelessly

Splitting nails are often associated with extreme

dryness

Normal cuticle that forms around the nail is always

smooth

An infected nail should be opened and treated by a

physician

Instruments sanitized with alcohol should be immersed in a 70% solution for

20 minutes

To loosen the cuticle, use the following instrument

orangewood stick

A manicure should be given

once a week

The purpose of buffing the nail before applying a sculptured nail is to

ensure greater adhesion

When mending with nail wrap, file the split or chipped portion of the nail with a

emery board

To smooth a nail wrap, use an orangewood stick dipped in

polish remover

Why is it important to santize a client's nails before applying sculptured nails

to help prevent fungus from forming

When applying a nail tip, buff the nail

where the nail tip meets the free edge

When affixing a press-on artificial nail,adhesive should be applied

inside the artificial nail

During nail dip, the nail should be inserted into an acrylic dipping powder for

5 seconds

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