Psychological Research

Created by leahdaul 

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Scientific Method

1. identifying questions
2.Formulating an explanation
3. Conduct research
4. Communicate findings

Theory

Broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena of interests
-A theory explains behaviors or events by offering ideas that organize what we have observed

Hypothesis

A predictions stemming from a theory, stated in a way that allows it to be tested

Operational Definition

The translation of a hypothesis into a specific, testable procedure that can be measured and observed
-Reduce bias in our observations
-Allow others to replicate our study

Descriptive Research

An approach to research designed to systematically investigate and describe a person, group or patterns of behavior

Archival Research

-Use of existing data in order to test a hypothesis
-ex. historical accounts
-newspaper records

Naturalistic Research

-Observation of naturally occurring behavior without intervention
-The researcher simply records what occurs, making no modification in the situation that is being observed

Survey Research

-A sample of people is asked a series of questions about their behavior, thoughts, and attitudes in order to represent a large population

Case Study

-An in depth intensive investigation of an individual or small group of people
-They suggest directions for further study and show us what "can" happen

Correlational research

-The relationship between two sets of variables is examined to determine whether they are associated or "correlated"

Variables

Behaviors, events, or other characteristics that can change or vary in some way
-Computed statistics will give a correlation coefficient that ranges from +1 to -1

Correlations

+ is when the value of one variable increases, we can predict that the value of the other will also increase
- is when the value of one variable increases, the value of the other decreases

Experimental Research

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