KEY TERMS FOR TEST!

19 terms by carlcurtis11

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

active recovery

performance of light physical activity immediately after an exercise bout to aid recovery

adenosine triphosphate (ATP)

a high energy phosphate molecule synthesized and used by cells for energy to perform cellular activities

adenosine diphosphate (ADP)

a molecule that combines with an in-organic phosphate to form ATP

aerobic metabolism

second stage of metabolism, requiring the presence of oxygen, in which the breakdown of glucose (in a process called the Krebs or citric acid cycle) yields a high amount of energy.

anabolic reaction

a process in which simple substances are synthesized into more complex substances.

anaerobic metabolism

The metabolism that takes place in the absence of oxygen; the principle product is lactic acid.

ATP-PC System

use of energy obtained from intramuscular ATP and phosphocreatine stores to perform cellular activities, normally utilized during short-duration, high-intentsity physical activity

Basal metabolic Rate (BMR)

metabolic rate determined in a thermal neutral environment, 12 to 18 hours after a meal, immediately after rising in a resting, supine position.

Beta oxidation

breaking down fatty acids to acetyl CoA units

bioenergetics

chemical process involved in the production and breakdown of cellular ATP

catabolic reaction

a process in which complex substances are broken down into simpler substances, yielding energy

deamination

The removal of an amino group (-NH2) from an amino acid or other organic compound.

direct calorimetry

determination of the metabolic rate of an organism by direct measurement of the amount of heat produced.

electron transport chain (ETC)

a series of chemical reactions that take place in the mitochondria, involving cytochromes, that result in the production of ATP and water

Enzyme

a protein molecule that lowers the energy of activation and in doing so facilitates a chemical reaction.

essential amino acid

an amino acid that the human body can't synthesize

excess post oxygen consumption (EPOC)

the additional oxygen consumed above resting value after an exercise bout that is utilized to aid in many recovery processes a similar term is oxygen

fatty acid

a compound composed of a carbon chain and hydrogen atoms with and acid group (COOH) at one end and a methyl group (CH3) at the other

Flavin adenine dinucleotide

one of the several molecules that serve as an electron and hydrogen carrier in bioenregetics

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set