Anatomy IV; Endocrine Glands

Created by jlbjenb 

Upgrade to
remove ads

45 terms

pineal

What gland secretes melatonin?

pineal

Body internal clock/circadian rhythm

hypothalamus

What gland secretes ADH(anti-diuretic hormone) and Oxytocin?

ADH (anti-diuretic hormone)

decreases urine output

Oxytocin

responsible for uterus contraction for labor & releasing milk

Pituitary

What gland secretes TSH, ACTH, FSH, LH, GH and PH?

TSH (thyroid stimulating H)

stimulates secretion of hormones from thyroid follicular cell

ACTH (adrenocorticotropic H)

secretion of glucotinius & growth of adrenal gland

FSH (follicle-stimulating H)

Ovarian follicle growth, estrogen secretion/sperm production

LH (luteinizing H)

Ovarian follicle growth, estrogen & progesterone secretion.....testosterone secret

GH (growth H)

stimulates growth

PH (prolactin)

breast development & secretion of milk

pineal, hypothalamus, pituitary

What 3 glands are in the head?

thyroid and parathyroid

What 2 glands are in the neck & throat?

PTH (parathyroid)

Increases blood calcium concentration

Thyroid

T3(triidothyronine) T4(tetraiodothyronine--forms C cells & Calcitonin

Calcitonin

decreases blood calcium concentration

Pancreas

What gland is in the abdominal/pelvic area?

Pancreas

Alpha & Beta cells

Glucagon

Alpha cells

Insulin

Beta cells

Glucagon

Increases blood glucose level

Insulin

Decreases blood glucose level

Thymus

What gland is in the Mediastine area?

Thymus

secretes thymosin

white blood cells

What are T&B cells?

Thymosin

produces T&B cells

ovaries

secrete estrogen & progesterone

estrogen

responsible for breast contour & growth, menstrual cycle

progesterone

prepares the uterus for pregnancy

testes

secrete testosterone

testosterone

responsible for beard, voice change, muscles and maturation of external genitals

adrenal

What glands are on top of the kidneys?

MC (mineralocorticoids)

increase blood sodium, decrease potassium

outer layer

What layer of the adrenal gland is the mineralocorticoids?

GC (glucocorticoids)

breaks down proteins & fats stored and converts them into glucose for an energy source

middle layer

What layer of the adrenal gland is the glucocorticoids?

Epinephrine/Non-Epinephrine

Prolongs the effects of the sympathetic stimulation--fight or flight response

inner layer

what layer of the adrenal gland is the Epinephrine/Non-Epinephrine?

Epinephrine

Adrenal medulla hormone that increases blood pressure by stimulating vasoconstriction during a stress response

Anti-diuretic hormone

Posterior pituitary hormone that decreases urine output by stimulating the kidneys to reabsorb weater, preventing dehydration

Adrenocorticotropic

Anterior pituitary hormone that regulates the endocrine activity of the adrenal cortex

growth

Anterior pituitary hormone that stimulates protein synthesis for muscle/bone growth and maintenance

progesterone

Prepares the endomedtrium for pregnancy

hormones

secretions of the endocrine system; chemical messengers

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set