Gaits and faults

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46 terms

Walk

Slow, natural, flat footed, four beat gait

Trot

Rapid two beat diagonal gait where one forefoot and the opposite hindfoot take off and strike the ground at the same time

Canter

An easy, rhythmical, three beat gait with a slight diagonal movement either right or left

Gait

The rhythmic characteristic movement of a horse's feet and legs in motion

Pace

A fast 2 beat gait where the front and hind feet on the same side start and stop at the same time

Action

What is the term for how a horse moves it's feet and legs at each gait

Stepping pace

A slow lateral four beat gait where each of the four feet hit the ground at separate intervals

Running Walk

The natural slow four beat gait of the Tennessee Walking Horse where each foot takes off and lands at separate intervals

Under pinning

The term for the feet and legs of the horse

Extended trot

A two beat lateral gait that is faster and stronger than a normal trot performed with a lengthened stride more powerful and reaching

Side pass

Maneuver in which the horse has lateral movement and very little forward movement

Crowhop

Term for mild bucking motions

Coon Footed

Term for a horse with long, sloping pasterns and low fetlocks

15th vertebrae

Where is the horse's center of motion

Bandy legs

Term for a horse who is pigeon toed on the hind legs with the hocks turned outward

Pigeon toed

Term for when the toes are turned in and the heels pointing outward

Splay footed

Term for when a horse's toes are turned out and the heels point inward

Contracted heels

Term for when a horse is close at the heels

Shin hitting

Term for hitting the cannon or shin of the hind leg with the toe of the front foot

Paddling

Term for how a pigeon toed horse travels, throwing the front feet outward while in flight

Winging in

Term for how a splay footed horse travels

Winding

Twisting of the striding leg around the supporting leg in such a manner that the horse appears to be tight rope walking

Bushing

Term for slight interferance

Striking

Term for severe interferance resulting in an open wound

Forging

Hitting of the sole or shoe of the forefoot with the toe of the hind foot on the same side

Cross firing

Hitting the forefoot with the opposite hind foot, confined to pacers

Scalping

Hitting the hind leg at the coronet with the toe of the forefoot

Rolling

Excessive lateral shoulder movement

Dwelling

A noticable pause in the flight of the foot

Trappy

Term for a horse with short, quick, high and often choppy stides

Pounding

Heavy contact with the ground that causes excessive concussion

Stride

Term for the distance and/or time from when the horse's foot leaves the ground until that foot strikes the ground again

Stringhalt

What action defect is most easily detected when the horse is backing

Daisy cutter

Term for a horse that seems to just skim the surface of the ground

Sickle hocked

When viewed from the side, the most common fault of the horse's hind legs

Interfering

Striking of the inside of one leg at the fetlock/cannon with the insie of the hoof of the opposite leg

Bowlegged

Term to describe a horse that stands wide at the knees and close at the front feet

Knock-down hip

Term describes a fracture to the point of the horse's hip

Post legged

Conformation fault when there is too little angle at the hock or too straight

Lateral gait

Movement of the legs in pairs on the same side, like the pace

Fox trot

Gait described as a brisk walk with the front feet and trotting on the back

Gait defect

Any deviation in the natural stride or rhythm of the gait

Slow gait

The slow 4 beat gait similar to the rack of 5 gaited saddle horses, each foot is held momentarily in mid air before being brought down

Speedy cutting

Any type of limb interference at the fast gaits

Bench kneed

Term for when the cannon bone is not centered in the knees when viewed from the front

Bowed tendon

Unsoundness described as an enlargement of the flexor tendons at the back of the front cannon bone

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