Candidate centered Politics
candidates for office are less dependant on the party for financial support and thus freer of party control in Congress
Civil Service Laws
these acts removed the staffing of the bureaucracy from political parties and created a professional bureaucracy filled through competition
the union of diverse things into one body or form or group
The boost that candidates may get in an election because of the popularity of candidates above them on the ballot, especially the president.
an electoral "earthquake" whereby new issues emerge, new coalitions replace old ones, and the majority party is often displaced by the minority party. These are sometimes marked by a national crisis and may require more than one election to bring about a new party era
a process whereby voters are moved toward nonpartisanship thus weakening the structure of political parties
currently one of the main political parties; in the beginning of political parties wanted more power for states and less for national
a primary where voters directly select the candidates who will run for office
Governance divided between the parties, as when one holds the presidency and the other controls one or both houses of Congress.
the theory that there has always been an underlying binary party nature to U.S. politics
office holders in the political party
Political contributions given to a party, candidate, or interest group that are limited in amount and fully disclosed. Raising such limited funds is harder than raising unlimited funds, hence the term's name.
The third estate of the Estates General -broke from the Estates because they wanted the Estates to sit as a committee and not as segregated groups.
National Party Platform
statment of general and specific philosophy and policy goals of the party
workers and activists in the political party
An informal and subjective affiliation with a political party that most people acquire in childhood.
Party in the Electorate
the voters who consider themselves allied or associated with the party
the displacement of the majority party by the minority party, usually during a critical election period
a group that controls the activities of a political party
an organization to gain political power
the gradual rearrangement of party coalitions, based more on demographic shifts than on shocks to the political system
political contributions made in such a way as to avoid the United States regulations for federal election campaigns (as by contributions to a political action committee)
a company that does research for hire and issues reports on the implications
Two party system
political party system with two major political parties
Winner take all system
an election system in which the candidate with the most votes wins