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aden/o

gland

bacteri/o

bacteria

blast/o

germ, bud, developing cell

erythr/o

red

hem/o, hemat/o

blood

leuk/o

white

lymph/o

clear water or fluid

path/o

disease

splen/o

spleen

thromb/o

clot

thym/o

wartlike, thymus gland

tox/o

poison

hematology

the general field of medicine focusing on blood-related disease

hematologist

a physician specializing in the treatment of disease associated with blood

immunology

the field of medicine that treats infectious diseases

bacteriology

study of bacteria

iso-

equal

macro-

large

cyt/o

cell

poikil/o

irregular

-penia

abnormal reduction in number, deficiency

anisocytosis

the presence of red blood cells of unequal size in a sample of blood. "condition of without equal cells"

bacteremia

the presence of bacteria in a sample of blood is a sign of infection. "condition of bacteria in the blood"

erythropenia

an abnormally reduced number of red blood cells in a sample of blood

hemolysis

the rupture of the red blood cell membrane. "dissolve blood"

hemorrhage

the abnormal loss of blood from the circulation is a sign of trauma or illness

leukopenia

an abnormally reduced number of white blood cells in a sample of blood.

macrocytosis

the presence of abnormally large red blood cells in a sample of blood is a disease.

poikilocytosis

the presence of tear-shaped red blood cells in a sample of blood. "condition of irregular cell"

polycythemia

an abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells in the blood. "condition of red cell" may also be called erythrocytosis

splenomegaly

abnormal enlargement of the spleen is a symptom of injury or infection. "abnormally large spleen"

thrombopenia

an abnormally reduced number of platelets in a sample of blood is a symptom of disease

toxemia

the presence of toxins in the bloodstream

an-

without, absence of

ana-

up, toward

botul/o

sausage

globin/o

protein

hydr/o

water

iatr/o

physician

idi/o

individual

immun/o

exempt, or immunity

-genic

pertaining to produce

necr/o

death

nosocom/o

hospital

nucle/o

kernal, nucleus

path/o

disease

sept/o

putrefying, wall or partition

staphylococc/o

staphylococcus (bacterium)

streptococc/o

streptococcus (bacterium)

AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

allergy

the body's immune response to allergens

anaphylaxis

an immediate reaction to a foreign substance that includes rapid inflammation, vasodilation, bronchospasms, and spasms of the GI tract

anemia

"without blood" the reduced ability of red blood cells to deliver oxygen to tissues

aplastic anemia

the red bone marrow fails to produce sufficient numbers of normal blood cells

iron deficiency anemia

caused by a lack of available iron, resulting in the body's inability to make adequate amounts of hemoglobin

pernicious anemia

caused by a failure to acquire vitamin B12 into the bloodstream for its delivery to red bone marrow

anthrax

a bacterial disease that has been threatened to be used in bioterrorism

autoimmune disease

a disease that is caused by a person's own immune response attacking otherwise healthy tissue

botulism

A lethal form of food-borne illness caused by the ingestion of food contaminated with the neurotoxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum.

communicable disease

A disease that is capable of transmission from one person to another

diphtheria

an infectious disease resulting in acute inflammation of the mucous membrane, primarily in the mouth and throat.

dyscrasia

"difficult temperament" any abnormal condition of blood

edema

the leakage of fluid from the bloodstream into the interstitial space between body cells causes swelling and is one aspect of inflammation

fungemia

a fungal infection that spreads throughout the body by way of the bloodstream

gas gangrene

"eating sore" infection of a wound may be caused by various anaerobic bacteria, which can cause damage to local tissues

hematoma

a mass of blood outside blood vessels and confined within an organ or space within the body, usually in a clotted form. Usually the result of injury or disease.

hemoglobinopathy

a general term for a disease that affects hemoglobin within red blood cells. "disease of blood protein"

hemophilia

an inherited bleeding disorder that results from defective or missing blood-clotting proteins that are necessary components in the coagulation process. "love for blood"

hemorrhagic fever

an infectious disease that causes internal bleeding, or internal hemorrhage and high fevers. Often caused by viruses, such as Ebola

Hodgkin's disease

a malignant form of cancer of lymphatic tissue that is characterized by the progressive enlargement of lymph nodes, fatigue, and deficiency of the immune response.

iatrogenic disease

a condition that is caused by a medical treatment

idiopathic disease

a disease that develops without a known or apparent cause. "pertaining to individual disease"

immunodeficiency

a condition resulting from a defective immune response. Occurs when there are insufficient numbers of functional white blood cells, especially lymphocytes.

immunosuppression

a reduction of an immune response may be caused by disease or by the use of chemical, pharmacological, or immunologic agents

incompatibility

the combination of two blood types that result in the destruction of red blood cells. It may occur during a blood transfusion causing severe consequences

infection

a multiplication of disease-causing microorganisms, or pathogens, in the body

inflammation

the physiological process that serves as the body's initial response to injury and many forms of illness involves the swelling of body tissue.

influenza

a viral disease characterized by fever and an acute inflammation of respiratory mucous membranes

leukemia

a form of cancer that literally means "condition of white blood cells" it originates from cells within the blood-forming tissue of the red bone marrow.

lymphadenitis

inflammation of the lymph nodes

lymphoma

a malignant tumor originating in lymphatic tissue

malaria

a disease caused by a parasitic protozoan that infects red blood cells and the liver during different parts of its life cycle. "bad air"

measles

an acute viral disease that often begins as a fever, followed by the development of a skin rash containing numerous vesicles and often accompanied by a general inflammation of the respiratory tract. Also called rubeola

mononucleosis

a viral disease characterized by enlarged lymph nodes and spleen, atypical lymphocytes, throat pain, pharyngitis, fever, and fatigue. It is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus.

necrosis

the death of one or more cells or a portion of a tissue or organ

nosocomial infection

an infectious disease that is contracted during a hospital stay

plague

any infectious disease that is widespread and causes extensive mortality

rabies

a viral infection that is spread from the saliva of an infected animal usually by way of a bite. The virus acts on the CNS to cause paranoia and paralysis

septicemia

a systemwide disease caused by the presence of bacteria and their toxins in the circulating blood

smallpox

a viral disease caused by the variola virus that was the scourge of the human population prior to its eradication of 1975.

staphylococcemia

the presence of the bacterium Staphylococcus in the blood. A frequent cause of infection in wounds, a complication of normal healing.

staph infection

the most common cause of food-borne illness, skin inflammation, osteomyelitis, and nosocomial infections

MRSA

resistant strands of staphylococcemia, also called mersa.

streptococcemia

the presence of the bacterium Streptococcus in the blood. Frequently begins in the throat or mouth and if not managed may spread to the bloodstream

tetanus

a disease caused by a powerful neurotoxin released by the common bacterium Clostridium tetani. The toxins acts on the CNS to cause convulsions and spastic paralysis

thymoma

a tumor originating in the thymus gland

antibiotic therapy

a therapeutic treatment involving the use of a substance with known toxicity to bacteria

-crit

to seperate

-logous

pertaining to study

anticoagulant

a chemical agent that delays or prevents the clotting process in blood. often administered to reduce the likelihood of clot formation after surgery. The most common form is warfarin

antiretroviral therapy

a pharmacological therapy that is useful in battling a class of viruses that tend to mutate quickly, called retroviruses. It is used against the virus that causes AIDS.

attenuation

the process in which pathogens are rendered less virulent, or infectious, prior to their incorporation into a vaccine preparation. "to make thin"

autologous transfusion

a transfusion of blood donated by a patient for their personal use. It is a common procedure before a surgery to avoid potential incompatibility or contamination of blood.

blood chemistry

a test or series of tests on a sample of plasma to measure the levels of its composition, including glucose, albumin, triglycerides, pH, cholesterol, and electrolytes.

blood culture

a clinical test to determine infection in the blood

blood transfusion

the introduction of blood, blood products, or a blood substitute into a patient's circulation to restore blood volume to normal levels.

bone marrow transplant

a common procedure to treat leukemia, or injury resulting from radiation therapy or chemotherapy

coagulation time

a timed blood test to determine the time required for a blood clot to form

complete blood count

a common laboratory test that evaluates a sample of blood to provide diagnostic information about a patient's general health

differential count

a microscopic count of the number of each type of white blood cell in a sample of blood. The procedure uses staining techniques to highlight the features of white blood cells, allowing the hematologist to distinguish between the types.

hematocrit

a procedure included in a complete blood count that measures the percentage of red blood cells in a volume of blood.

hematology

the general field of medicine focusing on blood-related disease

hemoglobin

a procedure included in a complete blood count that measures the level of hemoglobin in red blood cells

hemostasis

the stoppage of bleeding in a physiological process. "standing still blood"

homologous transfusion

transfusion of blood that is voluntarily donated by another person.

immunization

a treatment that establishes immunity against a particular foreign substance that may otherwise cause disease

immunology

the science concerned with immunity and allergy

immunotherapy

the treatment of infectious disease by the administration of pharmacological agents, such as serum, gamma globulin, treated antibodies, and suppressive drugs

lymphadenectomy

the surgical removal of one or more lymph nodes

platelet count

a laboratory procedure that calculates the number of platelets in a known volume of blood.

prophylaxis

any treatment that tends to prevent the onset of an infection or other type of disease. "protection before"

red blood count

a lab test included in a complete blood count that measures the number of red blood cells within a given volume of blood

splenectomy

this surgical removal of the spleen is often necessary if it has ruptured, which may occur during a physical injury to the left side of the trunk

thrombolysis

a treatment that is performed to dissolve an unwanted blood clot, or thrombus. "dissolve clot"

vaccination

the inoculation of a foreign substance that has reduced virulence, or a reduced ability to cause infection, as a means of providing a cure or prophylaxis.

vaccine

a preparation that is used to activate an immune response to provide acquired immunity against an infectious agent

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