metabolic process that requires oxygen
metabolic process that does not require oxygen
glucose is broken down in the cytoplasm, a metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars through a series of reactions to either pyruvic acid or lactic acid and release energy for the body in the form of ATP
electron carrier that stores energy used to make ATP
Acetyl-CoA enters a series of enzyme-assisted reactions
electron carrier produced during the Krebs cycle
recycling of NAD+
a small amt. of ATP & NADH, Organic compound with a backbone of three carbon atoms. Two molecules form as end products of glycolysis
a process by which solar energy is changed into chemical energy
organisms that make their own food
Organisms that depend on other organisms for their food
the metabolic processes whereby certain organisms obtain energy from organic moelcules
a colored chemical compound that absorbs light
green pigment in plants that absorbs light energy used to carry out photosynthesis
An accessory pigment, either yellow or orange, in the chloroplasts of plants. By absorbing wavelengths of light that chlorophyll cannot, carotenoids broaden the spectrum of colors that can drive photosynthesis.
A flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to convert light energy into chemical energy.
electron transport chain
A sequence of electron carrier molecules (membrane proteins) that shuttle electrons during the redox reactions that release energy used to make ATP.
electron carrier that provides high-energy electrons for photosynthesis
carbon dioxide fixation
The transfer of carbon dioxide to organic compounds
reactions of photosynthesis in which energy from ATP and NADPH is used to build high-energy compounds such as sugars