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The major early turning point in the rise of the Persian Empire was the

Victory over Lydia

In organizing their empire, Persian rulers relied heavily on techniques of administration from the

Mesopotamians

Which of the following lists of Persian empires is correct chronologically?

Achaemenids, Selenids, Parthians, Sasnids

The Medes and Persians were originally

from Central Asia

The founder of the Achaemenid Empire was

Cyrus

The greatest of the Achaemenid emperors was

Darius

The magnificent capital of the Persian Empire constructed by Darius was

Persepolis

Satrapies were

administrative and taxation districts

The Persian eyes and Ears of the King

traveled throughout the empire and did surprise audits and collected intelligence reports

the classical Persian governmental approach was

to create a set of uniform rules

Which of the following empires normally displayed the greatest degree of toleration toward its subject people

The empires of Cyrus and Darius

The Persian legal code was designed to

create a set of uniform rules

The center of the Persian communications network was the

Persian Royal Road

Who used the words, "Neither snow nor rain nor heat nor gloom of night stays these couriers from the swift completion of their appointed rounds," to describe the Persian courier service?

Herodotus

The qanats were

underground canals

For his decision to allow them to return to their capital city and rebuild their temple, Darius received high praise from these people. Who were they?

The Jews

The king who failed to follow the normal Persian governing policy of toleration was

Xerxes, Darius's successor and son

The battle of Marathon in 490 BCE proved to be

a failure

The empire, comprising most of the old Achaemenid state, that was taken by a general of Alexander the Great was the

Achaemenid Empire

The Seleucids were finally defeated in 83 BCE by the

Romans

The social structure of the Medes and Persians was originally very similar to the

Aryans in India

Zoroastrianism was

A religion that did not call for ascetic renunciation of the world in favor of a future heavenly existence. It considered the world as a blessing... "GOOD THOUGHTS, GOOD DEEDS, GOOD WORDS"

The Gathas were

Zarathustra's own words

Zarathustra viewed the material world

As a blessing that reflected the benevolence of Ahura Mazda

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