US Constitution Terms

18 terms by TNyenhuis

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Legislative Branch

the branch of government that makes the laws.

Executive Branch

the branch of government that enforces the laws.

Judicial Branch

the part of government that decides the meaning of laws

Full Faith and Credit Clause

the clause in the Constitution stating that acts or documents considered legal in one state must be accepted as valid by all other states

Extradition

Process by which governments return fugitives to the jurisdiction from which they have fled.

Republican Government

A system for ruling in which power is held by the people who are eligible to elect representatives to run the government for the common good.

Necessary and Proper Clause

constitutional authorization for Congress to make any law required to carry out its powers

Supremacy Clause

The constitutional provision that makes the Constitution and federal laws superior to all conflicting state and local laws.

Bill of Rights

The first ten amendments to the Constitution

Articles of Confederation

The first constitution of the 13 American states, adopted in 1781 and replaced in 1789 by the Constitution of the United States.

Federalism

U.S. system of government in which power is distributed between a central government and individual states

Popular Sovereignty

This principle of government states that political power rests with the people. This power is expressed by voting and free participation in government.

Rule of Law

Principle that the law applies to everyone, even those who govern.

Separation of Power

The division of a central government into two or more branches, each having its own responsibilities and authorities.

Checks and Balances

A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power

Federalists

Supporters of the Constitution that were led by Alexander Hamilton and John Adams. They firmly believed the national government should be strong.

Anti-Federalists

They opposed the ratification of the Constitution because it gave more power to the federal government and less to the states, and because it did not ensure individual rights.

Great Compromise

Plan to have a popularly elected House based on state population and a state-selected Senate, with two members for each state.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set