is writing that provides information. It often explains an idea or teaches a process.
examine and judge carefully
a piece of writing is organized so that all of its parts belong and are well integrated
Main Idea or Central Idea
What the author says about the topic; the most important message of the selection.
Implied main idea
a main idea that is suggested but not directly stated
support materially or financially
quality of a piece of writing in which all the parts contribute to the development of the central idea, theme, or organizing principle.
reasoned and reasonable judgment
conveys information without emotion to give a positive and negative impression of the topic
conveys information using emotion to give a positive or negative impression of the topic
is the ideas and feelings associated with the word, as opposed to its dictionary definition
The dictionary definition of a word
refers to a work's focus
focuses on many ideas within the same topic or subject
focuses on one or two ideas within a topic or subject
is the way in which the words are put together
Pattern of Organization
refers to the way ideas and information are arranged and organized
is the pattern of organization in which the author lists items or events in numerical or chronological ( time order ) sequence
Cause and Effect
The reason something happens and the result of it happening.
Compare and Contrast
finding similarities and differences between 2 or more subjects
Propostion and Support/Problem and Solution Order
is a pattern organization in which a propostion/problem is stated and analyzed and then one or more sloutions are proposed and supported with evidence
is a pattern of organization in which objects, ideas, and/or information are presented in groups, or classes, based on common characteristic
is a pattern of organization of listing information
reasoning from detailed facts to general principles
a hypothesis that is taken for granted
is the side of an issue that the author favors