the repetition of the same or similar sounds at the beginning of words: "what would the world be, once bereft/Of wet and wildness?"
a reference. Types of this: Biblical, historical, literary etc.
Words that are spoken to a person who is absent or imaginary, or to an object or abstract idea.
The repetition or a pattern of similar sounds, especially vowel sounds
A poem that tells a story similar to a folk tale or legend and often has a repeated refrain
Poetry that is written in unrhymed iambic pentameter. Shakespeare wrote most of his plays in this way
A natural pause or break in a line of poetry, usually near the middle of the line.
The repetition of similar consonant sounds, especially at the ends of words, as in "lost", and "past", or "confess", and "dismass."
In a poem, a pair of lines that are the same length and usually rhyme and form a complete thought. Shakespearean sonnets usually end in this.
The continuation of a complete idea (a sentence or clause) from one line or a couplet of a poem to the next line or couplet without a pause. It comes from the french word "to straddle."
A long, serious poem that tells the story of a heroic figure.
Two or more syllables that together make up the smallest unit of rhythm in a poem.
A japanese poem composed of three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables. It often reflects on some aspect of nature
A figure of speech in which deliberate exaggeration is used for emphasis. It is the opposite of litotes
A metrical foot of two syllables, one short (or unstressed) and one long (or stressed). This the reverse of the trochee.
A type of meter in poetry, in which there are five iambs to a line. There are five rhythmic units that are iambs.
A poem, such as a sonnet or an ode, that expresses the thoughts and feelings of a poet. It may resemble a song in form or style.
A figure of speech in which two things are compared, usually by saying one thing is another, or by substituting a more descriptive word for the more common or usual word that would be expected.
The arrangement of a line of poetry by the humber of syllables and the rhythm of accented (or stressed) syllables.
Telling a story. Ballads, epics, and lays are different kinds of these types of poems.
A figure of speech in which words are used to imitate sounds. Examples are: "buzz", "hiss", "zing"," clippety-clop", and "tick-tock".
A line of poetry that has five metrical feet
A figure of speech in which things or abstract ideas are given human attributes
A stanza or poem of four lines
The occurrence of the same or similar sounds at the end of two or more words. When this occurs in a final stressed syllable, it is said to be masculine: "cat/hat," "desire/fire", "observe/deserve". When it occurs in a final unstressed syllable, it is said to be feminine: "longing/yearning". The pattern of it in a stanza or poem is shown usually by using a different letter for each final sound. In a poem with an "aabba" rhyme scheme, the first, second, and fifth lines end in one sound, and the third and fourth lines end in another.
A figure of speech in which two things are compared using the word "like" or "as".
A lyric poem that is 14 line long. Italian (or Petrarchan) they are divided into two quatrains and six-line "sestet", with the rhyme scheme abba abba cdecde (or cdcdcd). English (or Shakespearean) ones are composed of three quatrains and final couplet, with a rhyme scheme of abab cdcd efef gg. English ones are written generally in iambic pentameter.
Two or more lines of poetry that together form one of the divisons of a poem. They are usually the same length and follow the same pattern of meter and rhyme.