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7th Grade Social Studies Unit 3 Ancient Egypt

Nile River

the longest river in the world; the Ancient Egyptians depended upon it for survival

Giza

the capital city of Upper Egypt; the location of the Great Pyramid

Delta

triangular area at the mouth of a river; the Nile had very fertile land in this area

Papyrus

Egyptian paper; made from reed plants found along the Nile

Hieroglyphics

Egyptian writing using pictures to represent sounds and language

Jean Francois Champollion

French scholar that unlocked the Egyptian code of writing using the Rosetta Stone

Artisan

a person especially skilled in a particular craft or trade such as weaving, pottery, jewelry making, leather-working, tool making, etc.

Upper Egypt

on a map of Ancient Egypt this would have been located in the south due to elevation

Lower Egypt

on a map of Ancient Egypt this would have been located in the north due to elevation

Rosetta Stone

Artifact that unlocked the mystery of Egyptian hieroglyphics

Pharaoh

The title of a king or a queen in Ancient Egypt

King Tut

A young king whose tomb was filled with jewelry, robes, burial masks, and ivory statues. These findings have helped people learn about Egypt's past

Menes

king of upper egypt united the two kingdoms of upper and lower egypt

Afterlife

the next life in which the Egyptians believed the dead would live again

Weighing of the Heart Ceremony

the Egyptians believed that when someone died they would be judged in this ceremony; the heart against the feather of truth

Silt

Rich fertile soil good for farming; usually deposited by river flooding

Regent

someone who rules for a child until the child is old enough to rule

Thutmose III

Stepson of Hatshepsut; considered a great pharaoh of the New Kingdom of Egypt

Hatshepsut

the first female pharoah of Egypt; stepmother of Thutmose III

Astronomy

branch of science that studies the stars, the moon, the planets, and other celestial bodies

Sphinx

Mythological creature thought to have the head of a pharaoh and the body of a lion

Pyramids

Huge archaeological structures built as tombs for the pharaohs

Howard Carter

he discovered King Tutankhamen's (King Tut) royal tomb, Englishman and Egyptologist who in 1922 discovered and excavated the tomb of Tutankhamen

Cataract

rock filled rapids in a river; also can refer to a waterfall in a river

Scarab

Holy insect that the Egyptians believed was connected to the sun-god Ra; believed to help protect the heart of a deceased Egyptian in the afterlife

Dynasty

series of rulers from the same family

Osiris

God of the afterlife; god of the dead; shown with the crown of upper and lower egypt usually holding a crook and flail in his hands

Anubis

God of mummification and/or embalming; shown with the head of a jackal

Isis

Goddess of motherhood and fertility; the husband of Osiris

Ra/Amon-Re

Sun god; often thought of as the most important Egyptian God

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