in early Greece, the qualities of excellence that a hero strives to win in a struggle or contest
a rule or especially body of rules or principles generally established as valid and fundamental in a field or art or philosophy
The use of perspective to represent in art the apparent visual contraction of an object that extends back in space at an angle to the perpendicular plane of sight.
700-600 BCE, During this period, the Greeks began incorporating exotic motifs into their native art, perhaps to cater to the aesthetics to the east.
the period of Greek art from 900 to 500 BC. It was the earliest period of great vase painting and the beginning of monumental stone sculpture
480-320 BC, "middle" period of ancient Greek civilization, began around 480 BCE to 350 BCE; emphasizes rational order, balance, harmony, restraint, art of ancient Greece and Rome for models.
323-31 BCE, time where Greek art and culture merge with influences from the Middle East; culture associated with the spread of Greek influence as a result of Macedonian conquests
(architecture) the structure consisting of the part of a classical temple above the columns between a capital and the roof
was an element of the Doric frieze separating two consecutive metopes and divided into three sections
characterized by unadorned capitals, columns without bases, and a frieze of triglyphs and metopes
characterized by volutes (spiral, scroll-like form), capitals, columns with bases, uninterrupted frieze, base
The last and most ornate of the Greek orders (very similar to the Ionic order)- contains a base, a fluted column shaft, and the capital is elaborate and decorated with leaf carvings (Usually Acanthus)
burial mound; in Etruscan architecture, tumuli cover one or more subterranean multichambered tombs cut out of the local tufa
An Etruscan cylindrical container made of sheet bronze with cast handles and feet, often with elaborately engraved bodies, used for women's toilet articles.
often used by the Romans in marble sculptures of heads. often described as "warts and all", shows the imperfections of the subject, such as warts, wrinkles and furrows.
The court of a Roman house that is partly open to the sky. Also the open, colonnaded court in front of and attached to a Christian basilica.