capture light energy and transfer it to chylorophyll.
an enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of ATP from ADP and phosphate
a series of chemical reactions im which the product of one reaction is consumed in the next reaction
pathway most plants follow -- Calvin cycle produces a C3 compound
A plant that prefaces the Calvin cycle with reactions that incorporate CO2 into a four-carbon compound, the end product of which supplies CO2 for the Calvin cycle.
reactions of photosynthesis in which energy from ATP and NADPH is used to build high-energy compounds such as sugars
a biochemical pathway in certain plants in which CO2 is incorperated into organic acids at night and released for fixation in the calvin cycle during the basic unit of life
the incorporation of carbon dioxide into organic compounds
light absorbing accessory pigments in photosynthesis
A process for synthesizing ATP using the energy of an electrochemical gradient and the ATP synthase enzyme.
organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms that captures the energy from sunlight and converts it into chemical energy
electron transport chain
a series of molecules, found in the inner membranes of mitochondria and chloroplasts, through which electrons pass in a process that causes protons to build up on one side of the membrane
a stack of thylakoids in chloroplast
The steps in photosynthesis that occur on the thylakoid membranes of the chloroplast and that convert solar energy to the chemical energy of ATP and NADPH, evolving oxygen in the process.
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, an acceptor that temporarily stores energized electrons produced during the light reactions.
process by which plants and some other organisms use light energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into oxygen and high-energy carbohydrates such as sugars and starches
cluster of light absorbing pigments in the thylakoid membranes that release excited electrons
primary electron receptor
The acceptor of electrons lost from chlorophyll A
opening in the underside of a leaf that allows carbon dioxide and oxygen to diffuse into and out of the leaf
The fluid of the chloroplast surrounding the thylakoid membrane, where the Calvin cycle occurs
a membrane system found within chloroplasts that contains the components for photosynthesis.