a person, place, thing, or idea. may be concrete or abstract
a word that takes the place of a noun
a word that shows action or a state of being
one of three commonly used adjectives: a, an, the
a word that modifies nouns or pronouns
a word that modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb
words that show the relationship between nouns/pronouns and another word in a sentence. Like conjunctions, prepositions join things.
words that connect two words, phrases, or clauses.