The process of bringing the mobile and immobile parts into contact fot the purpose of shaping the sounds of speech.
The oral cavity, the pharynx, and the nasal cavity
Tongue, mandible (lower jaw), velum (soft palate), lips, cheeks, fauces (region behind the oral cavity), pharnyx can be moved through muscular action, and the larnx and hyoid bone both change to accommodate different postures.
The alveolar ridge (located in upper jaw- maxilla), hard palate, and teeth.
# of face bones
# of cranial bones
# of paired cranial bones
# of single face bones
The massive bone making up the lower jaw of the face, it begins as a paired bone but fuses into a singular bone by a childs first birthday.
The point of fusion on the mandible
Located lateral to the symphysis mente. It is a hole through wich the mental nerve of V trigeminal passes.
The point at which the mandible bends upward.
The erect portion before the condylar and mastoid process of the mandible
It's head articulates with the sckull, permitting rotation of the jaw.
Located on the inner surface of the mandible. It houses the inferior alveolar nerve that provides sensory innervation for the teeth and gums.
Paired bones of the face. Left and right portion make up the upper jaw, roof of the mouth (hard palate), nose and upper dental ridge. Includes the anterior nasal spine.
The lowe portion that supports the eye.
A process of the maxilla articulates with it.
anterior nasal spine
Resides in the maxilla
Resides in the maxilla
Resides in the maxilla
Contains alveoli that hold teeth in the intact adult maxilla.
Lightens the weight of the skull
Completes the hard palate. Makes up 3/4 of the hard palate,
horizontal plate of the palatine bone
1/4 of the palatine process. Divide by the transverse palatine sutrue.
Hole located on the hard palate, allows nerves/blood vessels to pass throughthe premaxilla is close by
The suture separates the lateral incisors from the cuspids. It forms a V shape.
Is only named accordingly when it (the part) is separated from where it is supposed to be.
inferior nasal conchae/turbinates
Small scroll-like bones on the lateral surface of the nasal cavity. It also forms the bottom shelf of the turbinaters. It is separated by a meatus. Articulates with the maxilla, palatine, and ethmoid bones.
middle & superior nasal conchae/turbinators
Located on the ethmoid bone. There is a mucosal lining that helps in warm and humidify the air passing through before it reaches the tissues of the lower respiratory system. The shape of this part greatly increases the surface area, which promotes rapid heat exchange.
In between the temporal and zygomatic bone.
Midline bone making up the inferior and posterior nasal septum that divides the nasal cavities.
Located on the ethmoid bone, articulates with the vomer,
It completes the nasal septum.
Interconnects the phonatory and articulatory systems.
Mostly located in the nose. A complex delicate structure with a presence in the cranial, nasal and orbital spaces. (if the cranium and facial skeleton were an apple, this part would be the core) Includes the crista galli
Protrudes into the cranial space, helps keep brain in place, but can also cause harm if brain is jolted too hard against it.
Makes up the superior nasal septum.
Separate the nasal and cranial cavities and provide the conduit for the olfactory nerves as they enter the cranial space.
Consists of a corpus and three pairs of processes (greater wings "articulates with temporal bone", lesser wings, pterygoid process.
An indentation that holds the pituitary gland, seen from a superior view.
lateral & medial pterygoid plates
Projects downward from the greater wing and corpus of the sphenoid. These plates and the fossa between them are important points of attachment for one of the muscles of mastication and a muscle of the soft palate.
Hook, projects from each medial lamina
tensor veli palatini
A tendon of the soft palate passes around the hamulus on its course to the velum.
Makes up the bony frehead, anterior cranial case, and spraorbital region.
Location where the frontal and parietal bones articulate
These bones are joined at the sagittal suture. The also join with the occipital bone by means of the lambdoidal suture. The temporal bones articulate with it by the squamosal suture.
Makes up the posterior braincase. It articulates with the temporal, parietal, and sphenoid bones. Includes the foramen magnum.
A hole providing a conduit for the spinal cord and the beginning of the medulla oblongata.
Mark the resting point for the first cervical vertebra. Located within the occipital bone.
An important structure for students of speech pathology and audiology. It is divided into 4 segments: the squamous, tympanic, mastoid, and petrous portions.
Fan-shaped and thin. Lower margin includes roof of the external auditory meatus. The zygomatic process also arises from it forming part of an arch.
external auditory meatus
The conduit for sound energy to the middle ear.
Beneath the zygomatic process. Located on the temporal bone with which the condyloid process of this bone articulates.
The posterior part of the temporal bone. Includes air cells that communicate with the tympanic antrum.