Weird Organelles (and basic ones, too)

Created by peoneill Teacher

Amyloplast

Starch storage; Plants

Vesicle

Storage/transport of materials in the cell; All Eukaryotes

Glyoxysome

Converts fats into sugars; Plants, few Fungi

Vacuole

Storage, homeostasis; All Eukaryotes

Myofibril

Muscle contraction; Animals

Acrosome

Helps spermatozoa fuse with ovum; Many Eukaryotes

Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum

Translation of proteins secreted out of the cell; All Eukaryotes

Proteinoplast

Protein storage; Plants

Melanosome

Pigment storage; Animals

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum

Synthesis of lipids and steroids; All Eukaryotes

Centriole

Forms mitotic spindle; Animals

Lysosome

Digest worn-out organelles, food, etc.; Most Eukaryotes

Nucleolus

Production of ribosomes; Most Eukaryotes

Mitochondrion

Production of energy (ATP); Most Eukaryotes

Ribosome

Translation of RNA into proteins; Eukaryotes, Prokaryotes

Chromoplast

Pigment storage; Plants

Chloroplast

Photosynthesis; Plants, few Protists

Golgi Apparatus

Sorting and modification of proteins; All Eukaryotes

Autophagosome

Sequesters cytoplasmic material and organelles for degradation; All Eukaryotes

Elaioplast

Lipid storage; Plants

Peroxisome

Metabolism of fatty acids and detoxification; All Eukaryotes

Carboxysome

Conducts carbon fixation; Some bacteria

Nucleus

Transcription of DNA into RNA; All Eukaryotes

Hydrogenosome

Produce hydrogen and energy (ATP); Few unicellular Eukaryotes

Leucoplast

Biosynthesis, including fatty acids; Plants

Magnetosome

Provides magnetic orientation; Magnetotactic bacteria

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