Circulatory System

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Medical term for a sudden and immediate cessation of cardiac contractions

cardiac arrest

The four major parts of the circulatory system are

heart, blood vessels, blood, and lymphatic system

The lubb and dubb sounds you hear are made by

the opening and closing of the valves

The valve between the right atrium and the right ventricle is

tricuspid

Medical term for incomplete contractions of the heart

fibrillation

Medical term meaning any irregular heartbeat

arrhythmia

Medical term meaning an abnormal fluttering of the heart

palpitation

Chamber of the heart pumps blood to the aorta

left ventricle

Chamber of the heart pumps blood to the lungs

right ventricle

Medical term for the commonly used phrase "heart attack"

myocardial infarction

The valves located in the heart are important because they

prevent blood flow from flowing backwards

A bleeding time may assist in determining platelet disorders such as

hemophilia

The 3 layers of the heart are

epicardium, endocardium, myocardium

Blood that leaves the right ventricle is considered

deoxygenated blood

The largest vein is the

vena cava

Treatment of carditis include all of the following except

antihypertensives

Causes of arrhythmias include

medications

The main site for a myocardial infarction is the

left ventricle

The heart receives oxygenated blood as it travels through the

aorta

Symptoms of a myocardial infarction include all of the following except

fever

What is endocarditis

inflammation of the heart lining

Which of the following apply to red blood cells

contain hemoglobin

What is the septum of the heart

the wall in the center

What is the pericardium

a sac that covers the heart

How much blood does an average human have

eight pints

What is phelebitis

inflammation of a vein

The normal peacemaker of the heart where the electrical impulse originate is

sinoatrial node

Diastole is the ____ phase of the heart.

relaxation

This brings oxygen and nutrients to the heart tissue

coronary arteries

Deoxgenated blood enters the right atrium of the

heart

When the right artium contracts it forces blood through the tricuspid valve into the _____ ventricle

right

The right ventricle pumps the used blood to the lungs by way of the _____ artery.

pulmonary

A bulging arterial wall that may produce palpitations or tear

aneurysm

Serve chest pain from a coronary artery spasm

angina

Confusion, weakness of one side, visual changes, paralysis, personality change

CVA

Congestion of blood in the circulatory system; edema of the extremities and lungs

CHF

Blood pressure consistently above normal

hypertension

Consistently low blood pressure

hypotension

This is the inflammation of the heart

carditis

How many red blood cells does a human have in a cubic millimeter of blood

5,000,000

What is the normal range for white blood cells per cubic millimeter of blood?

5,000 to 9,000

How many platelets are in a cubic millimeter of blood?

200,000 to 400,000

An ____ is a circulating foreign substance

embolism

This brings blood from the heart to the lungs

pulmonary arteries

The quality of the heart to initiate an electrical impulse is called

automaticity

When the ANS is stimulated the heart responds by

speeding up

Abbreviation means any abnormal condition of the coronary arteries

CAD

Abbreviation for a procedure commonly called bypass surgery

CABG

Abbreviation for a procedure for repairing coronary arteries

PTCA

Depolarization of the cells cause the heart muscle to

relax

Vessels commonly used for bypass surgery include the

leg

What is the blood pressure when a patient is with diagnosed hypertension

140/90

The AV node has several important qualities that help the heart function - which one is not quality of AV node

enables a loss of atrial kick

The function of the bundle branch system is to

conduct electrical impulse from the AV node to purkinje fibers

Medical term means compression of the heart due to blood in the pericardial sac

cardiac tamponade

Medical term for abnormal contraction of blood vessels

angiospasm

Normal blood pressure is

120/80

Risk factors for myocardial infarction include

hypertension, smoking, obesity

Where are the coronary arteries located

on the surface of the heart

What is systole

the contraction phase of the heart

What is the name of structure that separates the lower chambers of the heart?

interventricular septum

What is the vessel that brings blood to the heart from the trunk and pelvic region

inferior vena cava

The term for stoppage of blood flow is

hemostasis

A substance that decreases the body's ability to clot is

aspirin

The condition in which the patient experiences chest pain with exertion is

angina pectoris

The condition in which there is a reduction in the quality of red blood cell is

anemia

Signs and symptoms of right sided heart failure include all the following except

pulmonary edema

Which of the following are signs and symptoms of left sided heart failure

pulmonary edema

Congestive heart failure is now called

heart failure

This drug commonly reduces or eliminates angina pectoris due to its ability to increase blood flow to the cardiac muscles by dilating coronary blood vessels

nitroglycerin

A heartbeat that is below 60 beats per minute is called

bradycardia

Surgical procedure is done to provide the myocardium with a new source of blood supply when a coronary artery is occluded

coronary artery bypass graft

Chronic condition in which the enlarge heart cannot pump sufficient amounts of oxygenated blood to the body

congestive heart failure

Acute coronary syndrome includes all of the following conditions except

acute endocarditis

What is the septum of the heart

the wall in the center

Which heart chamber receives oxygenated blood from the lungs

left atrium

What is the principle sign of coronary artery disease

reduction of blood supply to the myocardium

What takes place as a result of a myocardial infarction

portion of the heart muslce dies

A bruit noted during auscultation in the area of a blood vessel is often a sign of

aneurysm

The _____ is the blood vessel that carries oxygen-rich blood from the lungs to the heart

pulmonary vein

The ____ is the saclike membrane surrounding the heart

pericardium

Cyanois is characterized by which of the following

by hypoxia

The blood vessel branching from the heart that carries deoxgenated blood to the lungs is called the

pulmonary artery

Which drug is used for congestive heart failure

digoxin (lanoxin)

Which drug is used for an anticoagulant

warfarin (coumadin)

The blood vessels that contain valves

veins

Which blood protein aid in clotting

fibrinogen and prothrombin

The bright red color of blood indicates

hemoglobin-carrying oxygen

Ischemina of the myocardium causes

angina

The PT is in the emergency department with an occluded coronary artery due to a thrombus - which drug will be administered

thrombolytic drug

How many chambers are inside the heart

four

Abbreviation CRP stands for

c-reactive protein

Bicuspid means

2 cusps

Trace the pathway of blood through the pulmonary and systemic circulation beginning at the vena cava, going to a capillary of the body, and returning to the atrium of the heart

right atrium into right ventricle; then right and left pulmonary veins to left atrium; left ventricle through semilunar valve to aorta to aorta to arterioles and capillaries of the body; superior and inferior vena cava and into the right atrium

Which artery brings oxygenated blood to the brain, head, and face

carotid

Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart are called

arteries

What color will blood exhibit if it has high oxygen content

red

What is the name of the structure that separates the lower chambers of the heart

interventricular septum

What is another name for the left atrioventricular valve

biscuspid valve

Which section of the heart receives blood from the right coronary artery

right ventricle

Capillary beds are fed by the

arterioles

The ___ nervous system signals blood vessels to constrict or dilate

sympathetic

In terms of their location or movement, an embolus is a ____ clot, and a thrombus is a ____ clot

floating/moving, stationary

Blood moves through blood vessels in which of the following sequences, starting from the heart?

arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, veins

____ is a blood condition in which there is a less than normal number of red blood cells or there is abnormal or deficient hemoglobin.

anemia

In a physical assessment, the heart rate is determined by palpating the pulse in the ____ artery in the wrist.

radial

Which measurement is a reading from a sphygmomanometer?

120/80

The section of the electrical conduction system of the heart that is located just after the AV node is the

bundle of His

Which test could provide information to determine the extent of coronary artery narrowing

cardiac catheterization

Which word is derived from a Greek word meaning dilation?

aneurysm

Which ultasonography images the flow of blood in the arteries

doppler

The combining from transplant/o means

to move something to another place

The first arteries to branch off of the aorta feed the heart muscle itself. These arteries are called

coronary arteries

The smallest blood vessel in the body is the

capillary

Which serous membrane covers the outer surface of the myocardium

epicardium

All of the following structures are part of the electrical system of the heart except

HDL

Inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart is known as

pericarditis

Congestive heart failure involving the right side of the heart would be evident in the body as

edematous feet

The combining from ven/o- has the same meaning as the combining from

phleb/o

Defibrillation is a way to

treat a serious arrhythmia

This test is used to determine the amount of red blood cells packed in a specific volume of blood

Hct

The Pro Time is

performed to evaluate coumadin therapy, also know as prothrombin time, a timed test to measure the blood's ability to clot

All of the following are causes of anemia except

dietary insufficiency

Lower than predicated values of hematocrit can be caused by

acute massive hemorrhage

An increased level of hemoglobin can be the result of all of the following except

pregnancy

A patient with type B blood was accidentally given a transfusion of type A blood. red blood cells were destroyed as a result. This is known as

hemolysis

Patients on heparin will have a higher than normal value for ______ in their blood

partial thromboplastin

Which is the fluid portion of the plasma that remains when clotting factors in the plasma are activated to form a blood clot

serum

Which is a blood test performed to monitor the effectiveness of the anticoagulant heparin when it is given in high doses to cardiac surgery patients?

activated clotting time (ACT)

Which of the following contains hemoglobin that transports oxygen to the cells

erythrocyte

Abbreviation for CPR stands for

cardiopulmonary resuscitation

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