The endocrine system - diseases & disorders

19 terms by lullyclare

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Acromegaly

overgrowth of flat bones of face, hands and feet caused by excessive growth hormone in adults

Addison's disease

insufficient adrenal cortex hormones produced causing weakness, pigmentation of skin, wasting etc

Cretinism

under -section of thyroxine hormone in babies - present at birth causing mental and physical retardation

Cushing's syndrome

excessive adrenal cortex hormones causing abnormal distribution of hair, fat and shrinking of genitals

Diabetes insipidus

deficiency of pitressin hormone resulting in copious amounts of urine being produced

Diabetes mellitus

deficiency of pancreatic hormone, insulin - or development of insensitivity to insulin, leading to failure to metabolise carbohydrates

Dwarfism

insufficient growth hormone produced causing lack of growth of long bones in children

Exophthalmos

abnormal protrusion of the eyeball

Gigantism

excessive growth hormone in children, causes excessive growth of long bones

Simple goitre

enlargement of the thyroid gland in the neck, can cause pressure upon the trachea embarrassing breathing

malignant goitre

enlargement of thyroid gland due to hyperthyroidism causing severe toxic symptoms which are dangerous to health

Hyperparathyroidism

excessive production of parathyroid hormone from parathyroid glands

Hypersecretion

excessive secretion

Hypoparathyroidism

inadequate secretion of parathyroid hormone resulting in abnormally low levels of calcium in the blood

Hyposecretion

decreased secretion

Myxoedema

under secretion of thyroxine hormone causing slow metabolism - under active thyroid in adults

Osteitis fibrosis cystica

formation of cysts in the bone due to excess parathyroid hormone production, calcium salts are removed from the bones into the blood

Tetany

condition affecting nerves causing muscle spasms as a result of laow amounts of calcium in the blood caused by a deficiency of the parathyroid hormone.

Thyrotoxicosis

condition of hypersecretion of the thyroid gland characterized by exophthalmia, tachycardia, goiter, and tumor

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